First Nations were also key forces in the military struggle between the French and British. The misconception that First Nations were a weak and inferior fighting force is a fallacy, as First Nations proved to be invaluable to both the French and English in their fight for British North America (Thunderbird n.d.). Despite the patriarchal views of many towards First Nations and their roles in the expansion of Europe into North America, First Nations did play a pivotal role in the colonizing of North America. France and Britain were the main players in the struggle to dominate North America commercially, economically as well as militarily. The abundance of fur-bearing animals in North America and demand for furs in Europe started a power struggle between the French and British (First Nations in Canada 2011).
ISU Phase One Boer War What I Know The topic I have chosen is the Boer War. I know that the war took place in South Africa and was between the British Empire and their comrades against the Boer people that had Danish background. The causes of the war were very complex it was built up tension over many years. Canadians were in a dilemma the Canadian prime minister at the time did not want to enter the war but there was much pressure dorm the English in Canada to help their native country. So Canada made a deal with the British they had to pay the Canadian troops at return then home at the end of the war.
In addition, the States had socially influenced Canada greatly, in terms of culture. Canada did gain some political independence, hampered by the fact that Canada depended on the United States for much of its social and economic success. Canada’s prime minister, Mackenzie King, did not follow the regular rules set by Britain. Instead he refused to send Canadian troops with Britain to invade Turkey in 1922. (Cranny p.55) Normally, when Britain went to war, Canada would automatically be at war as well, but King took a big step in not following orders from the mother country.
Wilfred Laurier and the Canadian government did not want to get drawn into the Boer war, but was pressured by the British government, as well as Many English speaking Canadians. Many people felt that if Canada joined the fight they would be taken seriously as a country internationally. On the other hand French Canadians did not want to be involved because they felt no loyalty to the Queen. They felt for the Boers because they knew to what it was like to be oppressed buy the British. Laurier chose on sending in the Canadian Infantry and Calvary, who took an important part in several of the battles involved and calmed down the situation at home.
The purpose of this paper is to examine Desmond Morton’s article, “Canada’s Expeditionary Force: The Canadian Continent in South Africa, 1899- 1900.” Mr Morton argues that the nation did not properly take on board the hard lessons learned during the Boer War which left Canada doomed to repeat the same mistakes in future conflicts. He discusses the evolution from a militia force to a structured field force fighting an imperial war and how this was repeated in subsequent wars. All of these challenging aspects, which affected Canada’s effort and contribution, included a “national government deeply and gravely divided”  a lack of military focus, and inadequate leadership and a definite lack of required training. Mr Morton argues that Canada’s South African contingent suffered from a lack of leadership. The only experienced leader in the force was Lieutenant Colonel William Otter and although he was at a ripe age of 57, he was none the less the most experienced leader at that time, who gained experience in the Fenian Raids of the 1860’s and the Northwest Campaign of 1885.
This proves the political instability of Germany in this period as they were the largest party in the Reichstag but still refused to cooperate. This need for the parties to agree cause germanys politics to become unstable yet again because they were unable to agree of unemployment benefits and foreign policy. This led the voter moving to more extremist parties like the KPD who had 10.6% of the vote in 1923. The election of president Hindenburg did not have a positive effect as he was very anti socialists, resulting in him excluding the SPD from the coalition despite their majority and including the DNVP to limit the coverage of the political spectrum in the hope his policies would pass quicker. In terms of economic development, the Dawes and the Young plan definitely helped develop and rebuild Germany’s economy, however there are other factors which counteracted them, making them less effective.
It is commonly accepted that Germany were eager for a war, however in 1914 they were only responding to events in Sarajevo by agreeing to back Austria, as opposed to starting a war with no origin. The Germans also felt cheated by this treaty, because virtually none of Wilson’s ‘Fourteen Points’ had been included in it. On the 5th November 1918, Germany had accepted the Fourteen Points as the basis for peace and an armistice, however when the Treaty of Versailles was signed, the Fourteen Points had been largely forgotten. This shows Clemenceau’s’ and Frances’ determination to crush Germany as they were largely forced to accept charges that they knew would greatly weaken and inhibit them in the future as they tried to rebuild. Germany understood that they would have to ‘reduce weapon numbers’, however they did not expect to
Secondly, in the Province of Canada, the government had difficulty reaching agreement, because there was no party that could have majority support. Sir John A. Macdonald believed and told them that if they joined together, this political deadlock would be solved. In addition, the inter-colony railroad was very important to Canada, because it could send the military out to where it was needed quickly. It would also be a way of trading goods hastily. Manufacturing and coal producing areas of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton saw an advantage to allow their goods to get to markets much faster because of the railroad.
Many members of parliament were not willing to compromise and come up with a solution to make Canada a better country. Surprisingly, Macdonald joined with the leader of the Liberals, George Brown, to form the Great Coalition. This was an alliance formed to make decision-making in Canada easier. Canada’s votes were always separated by the French and English who always voted against each other. Macdonald believed unity would help Canada solve its issues.
From the start there was economic instability because of the cost of World War One and there was widespread disillusion within the German people. The public did not support the Weimar, and the administrative branch of the government, including the Judiciary, also teachers did not back it up either. Mass unemployment, damages to the infrastructure also from World War One, and the demand for reparation payments put lots of pressure on the inexperienced democracy. Not only in Germany, but all over Europe, fundamental and anti-democratic movements gained support. 2.