The NAACP’s momentum to keep fighting came from the victories it has won. Many people are a part of African American history today were involved in many ways to help fight desegregate the South. Thurgood Marshall, a lawyer, was the critique of the “separate but equal” doctrine that justified segregation. Thurgood Marshall won a number of significant cases, Morgan v. Virginia (1946), Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada (1938) and Sweatt v. Painter (1950).
Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois were two of the strongest leaders of the black community and had very different strategies of dealing with the problems blacks faced during this time period. Booker T. Washington’s strategy for dealing with discrimination was one of self help and education. He believed that the best way of equality is earning it. If they started to rebel against the discrimination, it would only make the whites more determined to keep them oppressed.
Malcolm X demonstrated the anger and the struggle, of the African Americans in the 1960s. During his lifetime he influenced many African Americans to stand up for their rights against the injustices set by the American government. Malcolm was criticized for his extremist views and actions while on the other hand he has been praised for his efforts in raising the status for African Americans. The views of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X often collided because of their different methods of fighting for equality. Most of Malcolm X’s views collided with the views of Martin Luther King Jr. King’s philosophy was “turn the other cheek,” meaning violence will not elevate you and bring you closer to your goals.
Without the push and leadership displayed from these leaders who dedicated their lives to ending the horrors of slavery, segregation and unfair treatment the United States of America would not be living a fair life of equality and privilege. These 3 civil rights leaders and activists changed the way black Americans were treated and gained respect and acknowledgement of their lifetime of struggle with the white society. The civil rights movement of 1964 changed the laws regarding black Americans but of course it is impossible to change everybody’s state of mind on the issue. So as of today the coloured people still are fighting for acceptance from some people and are still waiting for the day when they can have total acceptance, as Rosa Parks quotes “I do the very best I can to look upon life with optimism and hope and looking forward to a better day, but I don't think there is any such thing as complete happiness. I think when you say you're happy, you have everything you need and everything you want, and nothing more to wish for.
Another propaganda the US Government used was the idea they were fighting for freedom and human rights, yet the black soldiers fighting were not completely free and were having their own human rights abused back in America. As well as the fact the fact that despite the US welcomed the extra soldiers but still treated them unequally sparked something amongst the black community. And so began the Double V Campaign. It stood for Victory Abroad, Victory at Home. It meant they wanted Victory against Nazi Germany and the Axis, and Victory for Civil Rights.
He rebelled against his slave masters through learning to read and write. Frederick knew that education was the most powerful weapon in a slave’s arsenal. With his education and past experiences as a slave he was able to ally himself with powerful abolitionist and political figures. Through these alliances he was able to get former slaves and free blacks to fight the confederate south in the US Civil War. Frederick Douglass was aggressive leader in fighting for the rights and freedom of black slave through education, peaceful resistance and actual war against the confederate south.
Therefore, Linda's father, Oliver Brown, tried to enroll her in the white elementary school, but the principal of the school denied the request. Outraged, Brown went to McKinley Burnett, the head of Topeka's branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and asked for help. The NAACP was eager to assist the Browns, as it had long wanted to challenge segregation in public schools. With some other black parents joining Brown, in 1951, the NAACP requested a ruling that would forbid the segregation of Topeka's public schools. The Case At the trial, the NAACP’s main argument was that segregated schools sent the message to black children that they were inferior to whites;
and his philosophy on non violence, Malcom X on the other hand had a completely different view on how to achieve people their rights by supporting violence. For many young African Americans, the need for greater sovereignty from the white majority was on full swing. They took inspiration from Malcom X who was the minister of the Nation of Islam. He captivated listeners with denunciations of whites and demands for black self respect. (Jacqueline Jones) To his admirers, he was a man who was an audacious advocate for the Civil Rights of African Americans who indicted white American in the harshest of terms (violence) for their crimes against blacks.
Analysis of “I Have a Dream” and “Letter to Birmingham Jail” In the “Letter to Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King addresses the criticisms and objections that the white clergymen had made towards his and his affiliated organization’s efforts in trying to end segregation and achieve his and his people’s birth right: the right to be free through nonviolent means. Through the “I Have a Dream Speech” King speaks to his supporters and as well as to the entire nation to make them be fully aware of the injustices they are facing and through this make them stand up to those injustices. Both “Letter to Birmingham Jail” and “I Have a Dream Speech” have the same underlying meaning however. That way too long have the black community been treated wrongly. That way too long have the black nation been “judged by the color of their skin rather than the content of their character (King 815)” and therefore it is time for them to rise and stand up for their rights.
The Supreme Court made it possible for laws and acts to get passed to help the cause. Without the Supreme Courts decisions, the work put in by Presidents and Private citizens would never be set in stone. One case was Brown Vs Board of Education, In which a family wanted their kid to be able to go to a certain school, but their kid couldn’t go because she was black. The Courts ruling was that segregation was not constitutional in the Education place. This decision contradicted the previous decision in the case Plessy Vs Ferguson which ruled that separate but equal was fine.