Rapport brings forth a sense of trust and understanding needed to help a client feel comfortable and maybe even optimistic enough to disclose personal issues/concerns. It is extremely important for a counselor to listen attentively and compassionately. This effective listening is demonstrated through a counselor’s eye contact, body language, non-intrusive questioning, paraphrasing and reflecting on what the client is saying/feeling, and reviewing/recapping the focus. It is also important for a counselor
Supervision has a special role in helping trainees move beyond basic forms of counselling skills to develop a more sophisticated and sensitive form of counselling expertise. Equally, counselling placements need careful management and structured support. The trainee experience should be encouraging and empowering rather than negatively demanding. Supervision provides a solid base to help trainees make sense of their learning experiences and to facilitate their professionalism. My Goals as Supervisor are: 1.
1.1 Explain why positive relationships with children and young people are important and how these are built and maintained. When working with children and young people it is important for them to feel relaxed within the environment and the people they come in to contact with; this promotes a child’s ability and enables positive development. We are required within our job to build relationships rather quickly while maintaining the professional boundaries. Children and young people who have a positive relationship with a practitioner are more likely to display positive behaviour, and have confidence enabling them to communicate successfully. When children who are in a nursery setting feel comfortable with staff it becomes easier for them to separate with their parents and engage in activities and play.
EXPLAIN THE PROCESS INVOLVED IN ESTABLISHING A COUNSELLING SKILLS RELATIONSHIP: Developing a relationship where ones skills as a counsellor can be utilised begins with being your (flawed but contented) self. You have to be an emotionally healthy individual to understand that you are there to simply provide another (preferably informed) prospective. In order to do this one must be able to really listen to what is being said an offer a genuine level empathy – I used to believe that empathy means being able to say that you have lived through the same circumstance. However, I have come to understand that if the person you are offering empathy to really believes they are being heard, if they can feel a connection to them as a person, then any empathy offered by you will be accepted as it really stems from trust. If your client feels that you will listen without prejudice, hear what they have to say, keep their confidence AND offer a path to a real and achievable solution; you are on the way to establishing a counselling skills relationship.
Outline and evaluate two explanations of attachment (12) An attachment is a bond between two people especially mother and infant. It keeps a physical closeness between the mother and her child and also promotes a healthy environment. Bowlby's Evolutionary Theory of attachments is that the infant bonds with one special attachment figure who is usually the mother because she is special and unique in attachment. The bond with the mother is special because it is different from all other bonds the child makes, this is called monotropy. Bowlby believed that attachment behaviour was innate and had been passed down through evolution for the survival of the infant.
Explain the principal psychological perspectives There are six psychological perspectives for health and social care, Behaviourist, Social learning, psychodynamic, Humanistic, Cognitive and Biological. In this booklet I will explain the principles of each perspective. Biological This theory underpins the key notion that our genes make us who are we; it also centres on a theory called ‘Maturation theory’ which suggest that out behaviour is biological and not environmental. They believe that genes are forwarded to individuals from their parents and that cognitive, physical and other development processes unfold over time depending on the genes and individual has rather than the environment they live in. The ‘Maturation theory’ believes development happens as a sequenced process, also stating that genes help is develop into the person we are meant to be.
In this relaxed state the client has the vital ability to change one’s self through determined focus. The client will only accept positive suggestions offered by the therapist if they are convinced by their skill and ability to bring out a successful outcome that benefits the client. Thus it is the initial consultation that sets out the foundation on which the rest of the therapy will stand and works its way forward gearing up to obtain optimum solutions.
You can assess their modality, and work out what description you can use in the script. Check whether they are on any medication that may affect the progress, anything that might affect their self esteem, their motivation and their confidence. This is the time to start to build a good, respectful relationship between the client and the therapist which will provide a strong foundation for success. The ambience created by the therapist is also important; there are many ways to create the right atmosphere. The client needs to feel safe, relaxed, confident, and undisturbed.
1.2 Relationship building is important when working with children and young people. The way this is done is by being a positive role model. The young person must feel comfortable when I am helping/supporting the young person with work. When working with children I have to make sure that when working with then that I use easy to understand words. Towards children I must show a caring approach and listen to them when they are asking me question and make eye contact so they know that I am listening to them.
Hewas in support of child day care as long as it was continuous and high quality,although a preference of parental care was suggested by Rutter. There is a difficulty in isolatingvariables which result in positive and negative attachments. Indeed somefeminists argue that stay at home mothers are often at risk of harming theirchildren through an inability to cope and lack of support from immediate orextended family. Associated with this argument is that of the risk fromdomestic violence which increases isolation and effects the development of thechild - even if the primary caregiver is ever present. From the 1950s anincreased development of the nuclear family has been argued to provide a duelfunction.