Baul Tradition in India Essay

783 WordsFeb 23, 20134 Pages
BAUL : THE FOLK CULTURE OF INDIA India is the reservoir of tradition and culture. Our traditions and cultures are around three thousand years old since the ages of Veda. Thus we Indians are possessing a rich heritage in philosophy and literature. My paper is also highlighting one of the most beautiful oral folk culture of India which is named as BAUL SANGEET. ‘Baul ’ is the word derived from the Sanskrit word “vatula” which means “Vayu”. Actually Baul means madness. This madness comes from the eternal quest for God. They do not believe in any religion, because these are merely the creations by human beings. Their intention is to know their own-self . They are always in the search of ‘MANER MANUSH’(Man in thy heart). Because BHAGVAN is existing in all His creations. So if we search only for BHAVAN, we will not be able to find the very PRESENTS of God. On the other hand, if we search HIM in his creations we will get the evidence of his presence. They follow the SAHAJIYA PHILOSOPHY. They try to find the energy or the very source of the power for life. Through their songs they are making the path to achieve the BHAGBAN or MAKHSYA. Their songs are very much ambiguous and dual in sense. Apparently it appears to audience as a vulgar and fully materialistic songs. But the inherent current of it is much more serious and grave in sense. This songs are not found in any manuscript because they are strictly oral in forms. Mainly the ‘Sufi Muslims’ and the ‘Vaishnaba’ Hindu people joined this group. They describe the human body as the temple of ‘BHAGBAN’. Their madness comes from the very search of the ideal being. Bauls are a part of the culture of rural Bengal. Whatever their origin, Baul thought has mixed elements of Tantra, Sufi Islam, Vaishnavism and Buddhism. They are thought to have been influenced by the Hindu tantric sect of the Kartabhajas, as well as

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