Autism Spectrum Disorder and the E-S Theory

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Autism Spectrum Disorder and the E-S Theory Autism Spectrum Disorders and the E-S Theory Historically Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are not a modern problem. Eugene Bleuler coined the term ‘autistic’ and ‘autism’ during the early 1900s as a basic schizophrenic disturbance, namely the inability to relate to people and to the outside world that can be so extreme it seemed to exclude everything except the person’s own self. I will present the historic background of ASD and the recently new E-S Theory by Simon-Baron Cohen (2002) that has the power to explain the deficits of ASD conditions, to explain why more males afflicted than females and may prove to be an intervention strategy for clinical studies. Autism Spectrum Disorders Thirty years ago autism was considered a rare childhood disorder most often associated with severe intellectual disabilities, lack of social awareness and the absence of meaningful expressive language. In 1994, when I studied special needs issues during graduate courses, the text(s) included a few pages of information and instruction on Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). I am bewildered by the lack of exposure because Autism is not a modern problem. With considering the short history of psychiatry and even the shorter history of child development and child psychiatry, I may shed some clear understanding on my puzzlement. Also when I think about historical viewpoints of the 1800’s and early 1900’s, occurrences of children displaying any form of dysfunction were seen as devil children; these children were discarded, hidden, and sometimes but to death. By 1911, Eugene Bleuler, a Swiss Psychiatrist, brought more understanding by introducing the term autism, meaning "living in self” to describe self-absorption due to poor social relatedness in

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