. The strategies that can help in helping to minimise harming and being exploiting children, young adults and their families. The strategies minimise the risks of abuse and help children and young people to realise they have the rights to be safe, secure and free from harm. Respect should be earned, it shouldn’t be ordered or demanded and could be destroyed. If respect is established, the individual may confide in you and inform you of any changes in their family unit or how they feel about a certain situation that they feel isn’t right.
These include safety, where the child will feel safe in their attachment to their mother but separation will lead to anxiety. Also it is seen as a safe base for the infant as they feel they have a safe place to return to. This also leads onto the independent working model, which based on freuds idea of the mother and child relationship, bowlbys believes that the first attachment forms a relationship template that allows the child to understand a relationship and the future be able to form a comfortable relationship they and familiar of. This relates to bowlbys continuity hypothesis, where the internal working model ensures that attachments will be reflected in relationships in the persons later life. For example if a child has insecure attachments as a child, this would lead to be shown in difficulties with later relationships.
She used the stranger situation experiment to study distress and difference of behavior in children when their security blanket (caregiver) is not present. Reference(s) The Strange Situation - Mary Ainsworth, duration (3:15), User:thibs44-Added
3. Be able to support children and young people to assess and manage risk 4.1. Outline the importance of taking a balanced approach to risk Management It is clear that legislation, policies and procedures play an important role in keeping children and young people safe while in the care of responsible adults. Health and Safety legislation is pivotal in this, although some have agued that the level of policy, in terms of the reach into the everyday lives of children and young people, has led to a risk averse society (Beck, U. 1992; Huntington, R. 2004).
If I were to shout or be bad tempered this could then make me unapproachable to the children. This could mean they fear asking questions and them not fully comprehending what has been asked of them. I think it’s very important to have professional ability to recognise when and where children’s development isn’t quite as expected and know referral procedures that provide support for a child’s identified needs. In my fostering career I had provided empathy on many occasions. In my opinion a good practitioner needs to have ability to continue to learn and reflect to achieve.
There are many studies and experiments that are in support of Bowlby’s theory of attachment, one is the study conducted by Hazan and Shaver (1987) in which they gave adult participants 2 questionnaires. One was to determine their early relationships with their parents and the second was to determine their adult romantic attachments. The study found that those who had difficult relationships with their parents tended to have difficulty in their adult romantic relationships and those that had good relationships with their parents had better romantic relationships as adults. However, this study is flawed. For one the researchers assume that the difficulty in adult romantic relationships is
It is believed that if a child does not form an attachment before the age of 2.5 years, then itwould not be possible thereafter.There are a number of case studies that show evidence supporting Bowlby's theory.Sroufe et al (1999) conducted an experiment in which he followed a group of children from theage of 12 months to adolescence. They were observed throughout their childhood by teachers,trained observers
A child or young person who is suspected of being abused then the primary concern will to ensure that the child is protected from further abuse and the child’s welfare will be the priority. Wherever possible the child may be allowed to remain in their family home and protection will be achieved by working with the child’s parents or carers without the need to remove the child. However, if they are suffering from physical or sexual abuse then they will be removed from their home to protect them from any further harm. Parents or carers have a right to be informed what is being said and to contribute their own views and opinions, however if the child or young person is suffering significant harm then the parents or carers have no immediate
After several years, Erikson began to teach art and other subjects to children of Americans who had come to Vienna for Freudian training. He was then admitted into the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. In 1933 he came to the U.S. and became Boston's first child analyst and obtained a position at the Harvard Medical School. Erik Erikson explored three aspects of identity: the ego identity (self), personal identity (the personal idiosyncrasies that distinguish a person from another, social/cultural identity (the collection of social roles a person might play). Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood.
John Bowlby’s 1953 attachment concept Attachment is a strong emotional relationship between two persons, characterised by mutual affection and a desire to maintain proximity (Black et.al., 1992, p.148). During the 1950’s and early 1960’s John Bowlby, a psychiatrist and pioneer in the study of attachment, published a series of papers based on extensive research on mother child attachments and separations. These papers, later enlarged and refined, were published into three volumes, and have provided the impetus for much scholarly research and discussion. Bonding refers to the strong emotional tie from the mother or father or primary caregiver to the infant, usually thought to occur in the early days or weeks after delivery. Attachment, which emerges gradually during the first year and may be an outgrowth of the parent/infant bond, is a strong emotional relationship directed from the infant to the parent or some other significant person.