Athanasius vs. Arius: Defense of the Nicene Creed

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Trinity Theological Seminary Pompano, Florida Athanasius vs. Arius: Defense of the Nicene Creed By: Detris Allen September 23, 2013 Pentacostal Theology Dr. Lee Fall Semester I.Introduction:A great debate and dispute arose in the early church that shook it to its core and ultimately started a divisional uproar in the church. A serious danger to church unity was the great Arian controversy. The Western part of Christendom was in agreement regarding the crucial concept of the substantial unity of God the Father and Christ; the East was, however, divided in understanding of the Christological problem. ( 2) Athanasius was a native of Alexandria. While in his early 20s, he held the office of both a deacon in the Church and secretary to Alexander, Bishop of Alexandria. The controversy concerned the compatibility of belief in the oneness and transcendence of God with the belief in the full deity of Jesus Christ. (3) Arius, influenced taught that the Son of God, incarnate in Jesus Christ, could not possibly be "God" in the full and proper sense but was rather similar to an super Archangel.II.Arianism:Arius, was the leader of the Arianism movement. He was a presbyter in charge of the Baucalis, a church in Alexandria. (2) He followed the teaching of Lucian, his former teacher. He comibined his own intellectual philosophical viewpoints which fueled the fire from which a dispute grew between the young scholar and Bishop Alexander and subsequently among the greater Church. The basic belief of Arianism was the opposition to the divinity of Christ and subsequently the denial of the Holy Spirit. Arius minimized the Christian Trinity and professed the Father alone is the true God. Arius proclaimed, Christ was neither fully God nor fully man, but someone in the middle of both. “The key to the theology of Arius is the doctrine of agennèsia (the unbegotten) as the
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