At1 Final Exam

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Marks 24 Question 1 Select the best answer for each of the following unrelated items. Answer each of these items in your examination booklet by giving the number of your choice. For example, if the best answer for item (a) is (1), write (a)(1) in your examination booklet. If more than one answer is given for an item, that item will not be marked. Incorrect answers will be marked as zero. Marks will not be awarded for explanations. Note: 2 marks each a. Economic consequences of new accounting standards are said to be consistent with efficient markets for which of the following reasons? 1) 2) 3) 4) Because of the existence of securities markets anomalies Because there could be indirect cash flow effects of accounting standard changes Because accounting policy changes affect the amount of income tax payable Because accounting changes reflect a move from historical cost to fair value b. Earnings management could be viewed as “opportunistic” or as an example of “efficient contracting,” depending on the goals of management. Which of the following settings reflects the efficient contracting aspect of earnings management? 1) Earnings management might help insolvent firms avoid immediate bankruptcy. 2) Earnings management might help credibly convey private information about the long-term earnings potential of the firm. 3) Earnings management is used to block communication from insiders to outside investors. 4) Earnings management is undertaken by manipulating discretionary accruals. c. Jones (1991) found that a sample of U.S. firms reported negative discretionary accruals in the year of their application for U.S. government subsidies for victims of unfair foreign competition. Which of the following positive accounting theory (PAT) hypotheses is this finding consistent with? 1) 2) 3) 4) Political cost hypothesis Bonus plan hypothesis Debt covenant hypothesis
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