6. People are too different from the subjects of natural scientific research. So many of the advantages of the scientific method are not applicable to the traditional scientific approach - for example, replication and control. Conclusion Generally, the methods of traditional science have either been radically adapted by sociologists so that they can still be used - the comparative method, structured questionnaires, or totally rejected - interpretive Sociology. Scientific research has been important in generating debate in Sociology as to how
The research is, therefore, unrepresentative of interests of wider population. Secondly, the questionnaires are seen as being inflexible. When the questionnaire’s responses are finalised, the researcher can see little scope for formulating new interests or ideas and exploring them as it can be done in participant observation. Furthermore, the interviewer may collect biased data because in standardised questions he/she already imposes interests of their own and excludes questions that might be important to respondent. Thirdly, where the sociologist has interpretivist perspective, detachment may seem a big barrier to overcome.
For example it would be almost impossible to control the variables that may influence a situation and although being able to control the environment/variables may seem like a good thing all its creating is an artificial environment. This is the reason why field experiments are better favored by an interpritivist as an experimental method. There are also many ethical issues regarding the conduction of experiments on human beings as informed consent is necessary from the participants and it is difficult or impossible to get consent of somebody who has learning difficulties or is a baby. Many sociologists choose not
• Allows teachers to focus on learning instead of discipline. • This takes away from teaching time because you are preparing rules and procedures. Kagan, Kyle, and Scott's "Win-Win Discipline" • It helps bring out the potential of the students even through disciplining them. • It is very clear for expectations that are passed to the students. • It stresses the importance of using the classroom to help the students overcome negative attitudes.
Assess the view that social class differences in educational achievement are the result of school processes such as labelling Various amounts of studies that have been carried out show that teachers often attach labels to pupils regardless of their ability or attitude. They label them based on stereotyped assumptions about their class background. A number of these studies on labelling have been carried out by interactionist sociologists. They study small-scale face-to-face interactions between individuals (such as classroom or playground. Howard Becker carried out an important interactionist study of labelling.
Cultural Relativism: A Method of Thinking that Changes Social Science The idea of cultural relativism is not only a step forward for sociologists and anthropologists because it offers a more unbiased view of human societies, but it is an improved standard of evaluating these different cultures. Cultural relativism is the idea that when examining other cultures and peoples, the observer is conscious to not impose their own culture’s understanding to the practices witnessed. Without this approach, scientists studying other humans would not be able to explain all of the behaviors because these actions are foreign to their own lifestyle. Instead, the observer might try to evaluate the group of people from the people’s own point of view. For example, an anthropologist might interview a member of the society to gauge their overall happiness, or ask how the needs of the community are met.
Whereas Interpretivists would favour the Field experiment because it doesn’t not take a scientific approach and concentrates on producing qualitative data – information that can be captured that isn’t numerical, can be obtained by getting in depth information on someone’s thoughts, feelings, motivations, attitudes and values through participant observation, unstructured interviews, diaries and letters – they give an insight on what other people are actually feeling and what it is like to be in their shoes. With the Laboratory experiment there are practical and ethical issues. In practice it would be impossible to identify and
And depending on the students’ response, the teacher could take that question a step further by asking if the student personalized questions about the student or the student’s family, or even historical figures or events. But because this is kindergarten, it is more realistic to talk about the student history rather than historical events. Diagnostic method is one way to assess students before teaching them, whereas the formative method is a good method used to assess students during (or after) a lesson. The formative method of assessment can be informal or formal and typically is used to check and see if the children are attaining the information the teacher is teaching. An appropriate technique could be a game like jeopardy or memory that includes a
Rubrics and Spirals Amy Kvenvold Grand Canyon University: SPE-330 Special Education Foundations and Frameworks Professor Hebert March 2, 2013 Rubrics and Spirals The purposes of Rubrics and spirals are to evaluate student learning and for teachers it is used to support learning. Both have their definite purpose in education, and can be used to ensure better results for our students. While both can be used as tools for evaluating students, they may not both work for a particular situation. A rubric may be more appropriate for one situation where a spiral will be best for another. Rubrics are a great tool to help students understand expectations for an assignment.
Understanding and motivating pupils “They may forget what you said but they will never forget how you made them feel” This quote by Carol Buchner is illustrating the power that a teacher can have on children and their motivation whilst teaching them. In my assignment I will look at different ways of motivating pupils, but my focus will be on the teacher’s role in motivation. Motivating pupils to learn is an issue that all teachers face. If pupils are not motivated to learn then they will not be involved in the lesson and they are likely to cause class management problems. Motivation theories Motivation can be defined as a “drive which determines how an individual chooses to act” (Walker-Tileston, 2004).