Asses the Strengths and Limitations of Using Questionnaires to Study the Parental Attitudes to Education

2089 Words9 Pages
Assess the view that social class differences in educational achievement are the result of school processes such as labelling Various amounts of studies that have been carried out show that teachers often attach labels to pupils regardless of their ability or attitude. They label them based on stereotyped assumptions about their class background. A number of these studies on labelling have been carried out by interactionist sociologists. They study small-scale face-to-face interactions between individuals (such as classroom or playground. Howard Becker carried out an important interactionist study of labelling. He had interviews with 60 Chicago high school teachers and he found that they judged pupils according to how closely they fitted an image of the ideal pupil. Teachers saw pupils from middle-class backgrounds as the closest to the ideal as it says in item A “ interactionists such as Becker have found that teachers judged pupils according to how well they fitted an image of the ‘ideal pupil’. Working-class pupils were seen as the furthest away from it because they regarded them as badly behaved. Aaron Cicourel and John Kitsuse’s study of educational counsellors in an American High school shows how labelling can disadvantage working-class students and it states in item A that ‘they were negatively labelled as non-academic and often as ‘difficult’’. This is because counsellors play an important role in deciding which students will get onto courses that prepare them for higher education. They found from their study that although they claimed to judge them on their ability, in practice they mainly judged them on the basis of their social class and/or race. Even where students had similar grades, counsellors were more likely to label middle-class
Open Document