Assess the Reasons for the Emergence of the Liberal Party by 1868

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Asses the reasons for the emergence of the Liberal Party by 1868 There were numerous different factors which contributed to the emergence of the Liberal party but all these reasons can be split into three main factors. The emergence of the Liberals in Parliament; Popular Liberalism and finally the weakness of their opponents. These factors ultimately lead to the amalgamation of separate parties such as the Whigs and the Radicals into one party that conveyed all their views and was revolutionary to the way that British politics were viewed, the Liberal Party. Opposition to the Liberal party was very limited in that there was only one other party to clash with, the Conservative party. Despite the fact that Britain had been a Conservative government before Liberal, the Conservative party was decidedly weak and provided barely any opposition to the Liberals. From 1846 onwards, the conservatives lacked any strong leadership. Peel, the party’s last real leader, was beaten into submission. Despite his speech giving prowess and his determined attitude, his Corn Law policy was seen as a betrayal of the conservative way of thinking and Peel was crushed into resignation. From then on party leaders were erratic and kept changing, meaning there was little stability in the Conservative party, which made them vulnerable to attack. After Peel was beaten in the Corn Laws crisis, many strong leader figures left with him such as Gladstone. This meant the party was left with the back bench aristocracy who were not all that interested in the wellbeing of the party and let it deteriorate. This was not at all the only problem that the conservatives faced. The truth was that their policies simply did not appeal to the majority of the voting population any more. After the repeal of the Corn Laws, re-imposing protectionism looked like a likely vote loser as many people now thought
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