Asses the Reasons for the 1917 Revolution in Russia

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The Romanov dynasty abdicated in early March 1917, in the wake of revolution that ended their 300+ year rule of the Imperial Russian Empire. This revolution had many causes, both short and long term of which I am going to explain and evaluate. And ultimately explaining how it was the Tsar that provided the long term fuel for WWI’s short term spark to ignite a revolution that ended a dynasty. For a long time Russia was seen as unstable, with many political, social and economic problems that had served as reasons that had previously led to a revolution in 1905. Russia had not experienced a vast industrial revolution like the major European powers and although the work of Witte and Stolypin had improved the situation slightly, there were still many economic issues. The Russian population was full of different ethnicities and religions, Most of which the Tsar had alienated with his policy of Russification. In addition to this large amounts of the population were uneducated peasants unhappy with their economic situation. Politically people were unhappy about the way the country was run,; this is emphasised by the many different political parties that were demanding for a say in how their country was governed, and the Tsar was reluctant to do allow them this. Eventually in October 1905 the Duma (an elected legislative body) was created as part of the October Manifesto, and almost immediately any power it may have gained was stripped of it by the Fundamental Laws passed by the Tsar to limit its power. It could therefore be argued that the Tsar had simply covered over the cracks and these long term strains meant that all the short term problems put strain on the cover which collapsed under the problems. The Tsar would have avoided the situation entirely if he had dealt with the problems at the cause ultimately showing his incompetence at running a country. And as such
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