One of the greatest ideas introduced was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk which effectively ended World War One for Russia. Adam Ulam said “this was the legacy of years of isolation and defiance.” Despite these being opposed to their general ideology specifically to appeal to the masses and generate public support before the introduction of NEP. War communism was an important event that leads to the consolidation of Bolshevik power. Once civil war broke out, the Bolsheviks regime was in a dire situation by the
However, Lenin had accepted that this was due to the slogan which he had adopted which was ‘Land to the Peasants.’ The ‘Decree on Workers’ Control’:- During 1917, there were a large number of factories which had been taken over by the workers. The decree accepted the takeover of the workers but did also instruct the workers committees to maintain ‘the strictest order and discipline’ within the workplace. Vesenkha:- Body to oversee economic development Creation of the Cheka, 1917:- Lenin was determined to impose absolute Bolshevik rule by suppressing of all political opposition. The October coup of the Cheka enables the Bolsheviks to deal with their opponents. Attitudes amongst Bolsheviks towards the war:- Some wanted the continuation of a revolutionary war against Germany whereas on the other hand, other people wanted an immediate peace to lessen the strains that were upon Russia.
Lenin had been making plans for the Bolsheviks since 1902, he wrote a pamphlet "What is to be done?" where he put forward his main views for the party, he wanted to form a tight-knit, exclusive organisation and avoid cooperation with any other parties. In his April Thesis he stated the future Bolshevik policy, he insisted that the Bolsheviks must overthrow the Provisional Government; abandon all cooperation with non-Bolshevik parties and demand that authority is passed to the Soviets. Initially Lenin was not so popular within the Bolsheviks, this was due to the other members of the party being unsure about attempting to overthrow the Provisional Government at this time but Lenin was determined to convince those who doubted his plan and so in the next two weeks after he arrived in Petrograd he spent hours at many Central Committee meetings to try and convince the waverers. However, it can be argued that his role was exaggerated, at first Lenin would not work with the peasants, he claimed that there was no sense in making an alliance with such a backward race.
How far was the Provisional Government responsible for its own downfall? The Provisional Government was put in power as a temporary measure after the February Revolution of 1917, in which the Tsar abdicated his throne on behalf of himself and his son. However, the Government only lasted until October of the same year, where the Bolsheviks overthrew them. Their downfall was due to several factors, some of which the Provisional Government themselves were principally responsible for. Firstly, the most pivotal factor that led to the Provisional Government being ousted from power was the fact that, against the masses wishes, they did not withdraw from World War I.
During the civil war, he was consistent in disobeying orders made from Lenin and Trotsky, as they were the main organisers. However, after Lenin’s death, he was elected politburo, in which now he had central power over the Bolshevik party. Trotsky was expected to take power on the death of Lenin but was not as
Not only this but Stalin used Lenin’s Legacy when he once again falsely claimed he was there at the beginning of the original Russian Revolution, when he was actually in exile. There is a picture, taken from the Eighth Bolshevik Party Congress in 1919 in which Trotsky was absent and Stalin took the opportunity to sit himself at Lenin’s right hand side, gaining him credit and showing his subtle ways of propaganda. However, Stalin’s win couldn’t just be down to what Lenin had done previous to the power struggle. To achieve and successfully get away with all of the above he would have had to have great skill as a politician – which he did. He had the ability to control Lenin’s funeral and turn it into his own campaign,
This speech was important because it allowed Stalin to appear as one of the leading mourners, and also suggesting continuity between himself and Lenin. At the same time, Stalin also took on the other members of the left wing part of the Party – Zinoviev and Kamenev. These men were important for Stalin to remove as he saw them as threats to his leadership. Throughout 1925 and 1926, Kamenev and Zinoviev form the United Opposition, which called for an end to NEP and for enforced industrialisation. This
What the British Ambassador described at first as “nothing serious” , quickly escalated with the end result being the abdication of the Tsar, a new provisional government and around 1,315 casualties . In the popular uprising, which brought about a major change to Russian society, the radical revolutionary Bolsheviks played an almost non-existent role. Key members such as Lenin, Zinoviev, Bukharin and Trotsky were not even in the country during the revolution and Stalin was in Siberia. More importantly, “the party membership at the time of the Tsar’s overthrow was insignificant…[and] local party organizations were either weak or non-existent” . This paper argues that the October Revolution and rise in support for the Bolsheviks would not have been possible had it not been for the failure of the provisional government to establish itself as a stable regime in addition to the party’s use of violence.
This was a dramatic change from the Bolshevik party's position in 1917 when the party enjoyed widespread support amongst the peasants, workers and soldiers who saw in the Bolshevik's the best hope for popular revolution. By the early 1920's however this had all changed. The Bolshevik's had lost the majority of its popular support after a ferocious Civil War and several economic disasters, political failures and mismanagement. Throughout the period 1917 to 1924 the Bolshevik's tried desperately to consolidate their power and regain control of the Country. Lenin’s contribution to the Bolshevik Party was an essential factor in their consolidation of power during 1917-1924, however; Lenin’s role was not the only factor contributing to their success.
In reaction to this, he shut down the assembly in order to keep power for himself. In doing so it was one of the first actions he took which portrayed some similarities to that of the Tsar, but he defended his actions declaring Russia needed to be told what to do in order to live the communist ways, or as it was called ‘dictatorship of proletariat.’ However Lenin did manage to win some of the Russian approval. Another immediate effect of the revolution was on the 8th of November he made a speech in the hopes of gaining the support of masses throughout Russia in order to establish control everywhere. In his speech he promised the land was to be given to the peasants and seized from the rich. This pleased a lot of people as the population had 80% peasants.