World War II caused enormous changes to the way that we thought about women role in society. When the guys went off to war there was a need for their jobs to be filled, so the percentage of women in the workforce increased dramatically. Women would also serve in the Women’s Land Army (WLA). The WLA were vital because so many men were getting called up to fight in the war. Once the women took over the men’s job, they got more respect.
How did some women try to force to government to employ more women? Emmeline Pankhurst, a leading suffragette, campaigned vigorously with one of her daughters, Christabel, to have women more involved in the war effort. The Pankhursts organised “The Right to Serve” procession in 1915 in which 60,000 women took part. The government was soon forced to change its mind and allow women into industry and other traditionally “male” jobs. It was the only way to keep up production.
The Canadian Women’s Army Corps (CWAC): On March 1941, the Canadian army, air forces, and navy have established a women’s division called the Canadian Women’s Army Corps (CWAC). Basically, their responsibilities covered a range of different tasks, which included; laundry, household chores, cooking and sewing. In addition, they were also assigned clerical work and many served at the National Defence HQ in Ottawa. Most women found themselves doing males jobs: driving cars, trucks, or radio operators. Women also served in the health community, as they were working in hospitals in Europe and Britain.
Women wanted the same working rights as men, and they fought hard for it. Suffragettes stoped their campaign of violence and supported the government and its war effort in every way. The work done by women in the First World War was to be vital for Britain's war effort. Even though women gained the right to vote shortly after the war, its argued that the war wasn’t really the cause of giving women this right. After all, in countries such as New Zealand (1893), Australia (1901), Finland (1906) or Norway (1913) women got the vote before the war began, whereas others such as Denmark (1915), Iceland (1915), Holland (1917) or Sweden (1919) gave it to women during the war without being involved in it.
As the men fought abroad, women on the Home Front worked in defense plants and volunteered for war-related organizations, in addition to managing their households. In New Orleans, as the demand for public transportation grew, women even became streetcar “conductorettes” for the first time. When men left, women “became proficient cooks and housekeepers, managed the finances, learned to fix the car, worked in a defense plant, and wrote letters to their soldier husbands that were consistently upbeat.” (Stephen Ambrose, D-Day, 488) Rosie the Riveter helped assure that the Allies would have the war materials they needed to defeat the Axis. Nearly 350,000 American women served in uniform, both at home and abroad, volunteering for the newly formed Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAACs, later renamed the Women’s Army Corps), the Navy Women’s Reserve (WAVES), the Marine Corps Women’s Reserve, the Coast Guard Women’s Reserve (SPARS), the Women Airforce Service
Feminism had a slightly different meaning to many at the time but the general consensus was women needed, wanted and deserved “freedom”. Feminists called for equal work rights and the right to express their sexuality freely. An organization called the Feminist Alliance built apartments with daycare centers and cafeterias to allow women with children to enter the workforce (746). The rise of feminism and women in the workplace led to women fighting for the right to have access to birth control and to have freedom to have control over their own bodies. A controversial lecturer, Emma Goldman championed for women to have the right to birth control and was
Before World War one, working class women mostly did domestic jobs such as servants. However as men went/left for World War one, they left their jobs behind and women had to replace those. As well as this, after the World War one, women now had a political right, which was a big improvement/change for women as they now had higher wages but not as high as men’s. Positive side Several sources highlight the new opportunities and experiences that the Great War provided women. The following sources illustrate this change that many have considered a turning point in women’s history.
For example, middle-class clubwomen and settlement workers addressed issues such as education and healthcare. Working women pushed to raise wages, as well as to improve harsh working conditions. While African American women worked to fight against racism. The status of woman began to change expoditiously in the Progressive Era. However, women workers were primarily young and single, or widows, divorcees, poor married woman, or colored women.
Industry played a key role in propelling the women suffrage movement because the jobs that were now being created were of domestic relevance. All kinds of female-oriented jobs were emerging and with these jobs also came female empowerment. It was considered socially unacceptable for a man to partake in domestic duties and these jobs served as the backbone for progressivism in the American industry by essentially giving women a “foot in the door” to revolutionizing the American industrial system as well as the political barbarisms that slowed progress in our society. Soon after the emergence of women in the workplace came a female political voice in American government. However, a female political voice proved much more difficult to
The Famous Five: Helping Women Socially Economically and Politically There are unlimited names of famous Canadian Leaders who have worked to help Canada become a better place. From Prime Ministers like Lester B Pearson or Pierre Trudeau to average people like Terry fox. The famous five however accomplished more things for the women in Canada than any other Canadian. Emily Murphy, Henrietta Muir Edwards, Louise McKinney, Irene Parlby, and Nellie McClung with the persons case helped Canadian women on a social economic and political level. Up until 1929 (Evans), the legal term for “person” did not apply to women according to the Canadian Constitution.