Apush Dbq Calvinism

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As the New World became more populated, America split into three regions. Two of which were New England and Chesapeake, both of which were settled largely by English people. By 1700 these two regions had become two distinct societies. New England and Chesapeake both had motivation for their colony’s establishment, as well as different social, religious, and economic aspects. New England consisted of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Maine up to this period of time. Maryland and Virginia were in the South forming the Chesapeake region. Religion has been a huge part of society since the beginning of time. During the development of colonies, most settlements were looking for religious toleration. Maryland was founded in 1634 by Lord Baltimore. This colony was formed for the specific reason of religion; it was formed to become a Catholic haven. They wanted profit and religious freedom. Then to ensure this purpose, Maryland’s Act of Toleration was formed in 1649. This document called for toleration of all Christians, not including the toleration of Jews or Atheists. In New England, the main two religious colonies were Massachusetts Bay and Rhode Island. Massachusetts Bay first began with the Pilgrims as early as 1608. In 1620 they landed in New England with 102 people. They made an agreement to set up a government based on majority rule, similar to a democracy, called the Mayflower Compact. In 1691 Plymouth merges with Massachusetts Bay Colony. Within the Pilgrims are Separatists; these people are a more radical form of Puritans. Both Puritans and Pilgrims were influenced by Martin Luther and John Calvin. The main focus in life is God, and their goal is to break completely away from the Church of England because it is believed to be corrupt. The Puritans, which are people who wish to purify the church from within, left England for
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