In the middle of the 18th century the American colonies experienced two major revivals that had lasting effects on the country regarding religion, government and society. The First Great Awakening was a Christian revitalization movement that swept first European countries and then, in the 1730s and 1740s, the colonies in America. Church leaders, such as Jonathan Edwards or George Whitefield, got concerned that the colonists lost their religious zeal and preached in a dramatic and emotional style, attracting a large following. The new faiths that emerged were much more democratic in their approach and they lessened the hold of the Anglican Church which was later applied to a political field. Through the Awakening, the Colonists realized that religious power resided in their own hands, rather than in the hands of the Church, or any other authority.
In contrast, the Chesapeake region included Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Although both societies placed an emphasis on religion, in the Chesapeake Catholic and Protestant, colonists of the Chesapeake Bay arrived in Virginia in the early 1600’s with the main purpose of acquiring wealth Their society was an attempt to create the model for an ideal community, enriched with religiosity and unity. The first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, John Winthrop, referred to the community as a “city upon a hill”. He believed that the families had to knit together as one in order to achieve success in religion and business. Even though religion was extremely important to the Puritans, commerce was also significant through their profits off harvesting crops, fishing, and shipping.
#1: Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: Politics, Religion, Economic development. The Spanish and English were involved in the New World both religiously and economically. But, their approaches were quite different in many ways, such as time, place, and their actions to the native peoples that lived in the New World. The Spanish were Catholic. They wanted to gain numbers to support Catholicism and show that it is the true religion.
The Victorian period, up until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, was therefore a time of religious confusion, but also, as we will see, of great charity, as well as of birth of new beliefs. What role did religion play in the lives of citizens of this period and their society? The Victorian era was marked by the immense influence of the Church of England in religion, of course, but also in politics- being linked to the government meant it had its hand in certain social decisions, such as the oppression of dissenters. This naturally caused friction amongst people of other faith, especially the Catholics who had previously been stripped of many of their civil rights, which were only returned to them in 1827 by Parliament. They had a long wait until 1840 to see the tax-supported status of the Anglican Church be removed, making them equal once again.
Since England owned these particular areas of the New World, these colonies were very influenced and affected by their mother country. The social faults, political chaos, and economic distress in England during the early colonial years in America played a role in shaping the English colonial experience. The societal issues that were present in England during the 17th century pushed many people to go to the Americas. The overpopulation in England was a major incentive for many to move across the Atlantic. Another reason for migration was the idea of primogeniture, which allowed the eldest son to inherit the wealth; leaving others desperate and in hopes of finding riches overseas.
Also wanted a more strictly controlled colonial system C. Maryland rebelled against Catholics and became a royal colony D. New York controlled by German militia officer Leisler shortly until he was hanged. II. Economic A. Each region of the colonies developed a unique economy and trading pattern that was reflected by its products. New England A.
The Dutch Republic, where Locke spent time, had been founded as a secular state which would allow religious differences. This was a reaction to Catholic persecution of Protestants. Once the Calvinist Church gained power, however, they began persecuting other sects. In France, religious conflict had been temporarily quieted by the edict of Nantes. But in 1685, the year in which Locke wrote the First Letter concerning religious toleration, Louis XIV had revoked the Edict of Nantes, and the Huguenots were being persecuted and forced to emigrate on mass.
French and Indian War DBQ The French and Indian War began in 1754 and ended in 1763. The name “French and Indian War,” was one later adopted by the Americans and the British. Relations between Britain and its American colonies were substantially altered politically, ideologically, and economically in many ways. The relationship was altered politically due to Britain’s control of the entire eastern coastline, economically on how British policies after 1763 were designed to raise revenue to pay for the cost of the empire, and ideologically in the loyalty of the American colonists. From a political standpoint, the Americans and the British did not see eye-to-eye.
For example, altogether, they execute a large group of people such as the Natives in Cuba, Dominica, and Mexico, and those who weren’t in the massacre was turned into slaves; and those whoever refused to convert to Christianity. Spain’s motivations for colonial expansion were trade and spread Christianity and explored East Africa; Later, when they discovered rich trading regions in Indonesia. That alternative route was different from the theoretical eastward route, which lead them to the British Empire and they offered to support. England colonized in the Americas began in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia and reached its peak when colonies had been established throughout the Americas and they have settled in Antarctica
Decades of conflict followed, starting with the revolt as a result of the Stamp Act in 1765, leading to the eruption of war in 1775. The search for independence was a result of political, social, and economic factors such as the use of America as merely a subject land, made for the purpose of English wealth, the overall lack of representation the colonists had in government, and the emerging liberal and republican ideas as a result of the Enlightenment. Tension between England and the colonists stirred a hunger for liberty and a desire for freedom and was brought about by radical reforms, military battles, and the forming of a Declaration of Independence and a Constitution. The political aspect of the American Revolution was a result of Britain’s suddenly tightened control over the governing of the colonies. When they won the French and Indian War, England had to make a few reforms.