GAAP stands for Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The common set of accounting principles, standards and procedures that companies use to compile their financial statements. GAAP are a combination of authoritative standards (set by policy boards) and simply the commonly accepted ways of recording and reporting accounting information. GAAP are imposed on companies so that investors have a minimum level of consistency in the financial statements they use when analyzing companies for investment purposes. GAAP cover such things as revenue recognition, balance sheet item classification and outstanding share measurements.
1. SECTION 1 - MODEL HIGH STANDARDS OF MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE AND BEHAVIOUR 1.1. Activity 1 1.1.1. How do you perceive the role of a business/ organizational manager, ie what things does a manager need to do and what resources do they draw upon? A business / organizational manager is someone who is responsible for an area or department of works, it is their responsibility to ensure that the department / area runs smoothly and efficiently.
Once the audit case is complete you will submit the case to a reviewer who will then return it to you with queries for you to update and finalize the audit. This simulates a real life situation when an auditor submits a file to an audit senior/partner for review of their work performed. Introduction CAS 200, Audit of Financial Statements, states as follows: “The purpose of an audit is to enhance the degree of confidence of intended users in the financial statements. This is achieved by the expression of an opinion by the auditor on whether the financial statements are prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with an applicable financial reporting framework. In the case of most general purpose frameworks, that opinion is on whether the financial statements are presented fairly, in all material respects, or give a true and fair view in accordance with the framework.
This also includes educating staff about the responsibilities of maintaining costs. What are the reports that can be used for financial planning in an organisation? Profit and Loss Balance sheet Revenue and Expenditure report Cash flow statement Debtors and Creditors reports What is the process for preparing budgets or other financial plans? 1. Identify data that needs to be collected.
Financial Ratio Analysis 4. Accountability Assessment management reporting using financial and accounting reports is a proven resource for organizational leaders. The outcomes of the assessment should be used to help identify organizational needs as well as management inefficiency. This assessment will clarify how well management has done based upon the financial and accounting reports which are contained in the 2009 Annual Report. Management Assessment Report: Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
The accounts are assessed base in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to ensure they are represented fairly. Tests of Controls The test of controls purpose for the acquisition and payments cycle is for the detection of understatements. Tests of controls for this cycle would include: 1. Verify that correct documents (purchase order, purchase requisition and vendor’s invoice) are prepared and attached to the voucher and examined for existence when submitted to appropriate departments. 2.
The AICPA is basically a community of accounting professionals and CPAs. Individual: AICPA Code of Professional Conduct The purpose of the AICPA is to have a precedent of set ethical standards for the accounting profession and auditing standards of companies that are private, nonprofit organizations, federal, state and local government. In having support for those in the accounting profession and to improve the profession as a whole. It is responsible for aiding in setting certain technical standards for those accounting professional who goes on to get their licenses to becoming CPAs. The AICPA have several publication that helps with guiding the accounting profession and to enhance the member’s technical and professional abilities.
Finally, a benchmarking analysis with a comparison to the same two companies mentioned above will be presented. Financial Statements Each statement gives the reader important information about the company, but the reader must also look at how the information flows from one statement to another through a ratio analysis. The Inernational Financial Reporting Standards and International Accounting Standards Board (2008) have proposed the use of the same section names and categories in each of the statements. Figure A shows details of their proposal, which is currently under consideration by the Financial Accounting Standard Board (FASB). This section will look at each statement and then an analysis between them using ratios.
The board of directors is responsible for overseeing and exercising corporate powers and certifying the company’s business affairs while managing the goals and objectives for long-term interests of the shareholders. Organizational Annual Report and SEC Filing The SEC requires publically traded companies to file annual financial reports, and these reports are open to the public. Investors are interested in these reports because it helps in determining the financial health of a company. As a means for providing guidelines, principles, and objectives for the financial markets in the United States, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 enhances the SEC’s roles for reforming corporate accountability. This also includes establishing a private-sector regulator to oversee the auditing profession to combat accounting fraud, and enhancing financial disclosures.
The purpose of accounting information is to help organizations make well-informed business decisions. Accounting allows organizations to understand the financial perspective of the organization, the inflow and outflow of organizational resources and their results. An important function of accounting is organized record-keeping which allows the organization to record spending and receiving patterns. This paper focuses on several accounting aspects of Guillermo Furniture Store. The paper focuses on how budgets and performance reports assist the furniture maker in the decision making process, and how ethics might influence his decisions.