Annotated Bibliography On Abraham Maslow

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August 2010 - A recent updating of Abraham Maslow's iconic pyramid of needs by a team of psychologists including two from Arizona State University (ASU), published together with four commentaries in Perspectives on Psychological Sciences, concludes that factors involved in successful parenting, such as caring, feeding, nurturing and educating, are indicative of a profound pyschological need that merits placement at the top of the hierarchy. Maslow's concept of ordering human motivations dates from the 1940s. The current revision, which the authors acknowledge is controversial, takes into account developments in areas such as neuroscience, developmental psychology and evolutionary psychology. Lead author Douglas Kenrick, a professor of psychology at ASU explained: "It was based on some great ideas, several of which are worth preserving. But it missed out on some very basic facts about human nature, facts which weren't…show more content…
Self-actualisation has been replaced by three motives described as “evolutionarily critical” – mate acquisition, mate retention and parenting. The researchers argue that many activities defined as self-actualising (such as creativity) actually reflect a biologically basic need to increase status and thereby attract mates. Douglas Kenrick said: "Among human aspirations that are most biologically fundamental are those that ultimately facilitate reproduction of our genes in our children's children. For that reason, parenting is
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