Describe and Evaluate Evolutionary Explanations of Gender

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DESCRIBE AND EVALUATE EVOLUTIONARY EXPLANATIONS OF GENDER. Cultural and psychological differences between men and women are often referred to be a socialization consequence. Individuals are born in either one of the genders but they become feminine or masculine through a complex developmental process that takes many years to unfold. For example, Women usually look after the babies, while men usually provide food. The evolutionary approach argues that gender role division is a consequence of the adaptation to the challenges and circumstances faced by our ancestors. This suggests that the role differences we observe are more a product of our biological inheritance and evolution than social factors acting on our behavior. As evolutionary theory is a biological approach to gender development, it suggests that our genes have coded aspects of human behavior because they were or are adaptive. However a debate to this approach is the nature vs. nurture approach, nature supporting the evolutionary approach being that we have evolved through survival and adaptation to the situations and therefore passing on the adaptive genes of the survivors. Nurture on the other hand is a view, is a view proposed by the social approach suggesting that behavior is affected by socialization and environment. The natural and sexual selection in the evolutionary approach are two important factors to account for the survival of the fittest. When there is a change in the environment, a danger, a situation which needs quick adaptation to survive, the individuals who adapt the fastest and the better are the ones to survive and therefore to pass on their genes onto the next generation. The individuals that fail to adapt die, and their genetic makeup is lost. In the sexual selection, individuals from every sex have genes, which provide them with attractive characteristics to attract the
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