So many people were willing to fight against segregation. Ibrahima, Cinque, Nat Turner, and George Latimer were slaves who chose to stand up against segregation by fighting against their owners and/or escaping from them. The 54’th fought against segregation in the Civil War for African freedom. Ida, Lewis, and Meta stood up against segregation through their jobs. Thurgood, Kenneth, and other lawyers and social scientists made history for the United States by fighting for the rights of African Americans.
After the emancipation of slavery in the 1800’s, African Americans have struggled to be treated with the same equal rights as Europeans. Even with the laws that were pasted to protect African Americans there were states that ignored and created new laws to overturn the laws to protect African Americans. The ignorant of Europeans who denied African Americans the equal rights the laws stated they deserved. African Americans decided to stand up for themselves by developing non violent protest movement to fight for the equal rights of African Americans. ("Civil Rights Movement") Martin Luther King Jr. became the leader of the non violent protest movement in the 1950’s.The development of Martin Luther King Jr. in this era started when an African American woman named Rosa Parks, who refused to give up her seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama.
To what extent did The Ku Klux Klan prevented African Americans from gaining Civil Rights in the years 1960-64? Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the Ku Klux Klan re-emerged, feeling that their goal of white supremacy was being challenged by the Civil Rights Campaign. Between these years they created many problems for the campaign, and could even be blamed for the lack of Civil Rights legislation in this period. One of the key ways in which the Klan blocked any progress was through intimidation and fear. In many Southern States the force and presence of the Klan was enough to dissuade African Americans from joining the campaign - Mississippi, as state with the highest amount of Klan activity also had the lowest amount of registered African American voters, and the lowest amount of NAACP activists.
The Brown family's case was brought to the Supreme Court by the NAACP; they were an organisation which fought for the rights of coloured people. The NAACP won this important case, and the Supreme Court decided to integrate schools, this was the first victory for the Civil Rights Movement. The supreme court decided to outlaw the statement that was made in 1896; 'separate but equal', and make this illegal, the supreme courts reasons for this were that black children had been raised as inferior beings within the community and this should change. Although the supreme courts decision had been made this caused many problems for the white southerners, many riots broke out as there were still strong racial attitudes within the south. Many white southerners did not want their children in the same classroom as
The protest was over African American voting rights, as few African Americans could vote due to racist whites manipulating the voting system. African Americans shied away from voting because of fear of being harassed or absurd tests were given, such as stating the entire U.S Constitution. Johnson’s purpose of his speech was to convince Congress and Americans everywhere to pass his bill on voting reformation. To help make the speech more effective and convincing, Johnson used rhetorical strategies, such as ethos, logos, and pathos. Johnson’s first part of the speech uses rhetorical qualities that unify the audience and make them sympathize with the victims of voting rights.
The Civil War was a fight to defend a way of life. The issue of uniting was fundamental to the survival of American democracy. The two different opinions on how the Union should be governed shaped America in a way that would have great effect on the states, this brought about Sectionalism between the North and South. The major reason of the conflict between the North and South were their different views on slavery and the treatment of the African Americans during the Mid-19th Century. This wasn’t the only trigger to cause the Civil War another encountering component of this war was the economic, social and political differences between the North and South.
The Constitution, until recently, did not apply to blacks; blacks feel they deserve payments from 310 years of slavery, destruction to their minds and culture. Dr. Martin Luther King's dilemma in the United States was of a different kind. He was torn between his identity as a Black man of African descent and his identity as an American. He urged Americans to judge based on the content of the character not by skin color and also believed in non-violent protests. Martin Luther King Jr’s main perspective during the fight on racism was equality.
These laws denied black Americans the equal rights of white citizens which re-imposed white supremacy and meant they remained as second-class citizens. It wasn’t only the Jim Crow laws but under the Fifteenth Amendment, black people had the legal right to vote throughout America. Nonetheless, the southern states found devious ways to disenfranchise the local black population. For example, some states introduced a grandfather clause, which meant that people could only vote if their grandfathers had been able to vote. Other states introduced literacy tests as criteria for voting.
Johnson’s responses to racial and gender discrimination were not as effective as he had hoped. Although he signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, he was confronted with violence and protests and African Americans creating new organizations such as the Black Panther Party. The Black Panther Party’s motive was to protect their families by carrying weapons legally, a right given by the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. However, this caused violence and many protests, such as in Watts, Los Angeles. African Americans were also hit hard by voting.
The Black Power movement was a new era of ideals and methods to end racial segregation and inequality in America in the 1960s. They used a variety of different methods and attained to different ideals than Martin Luther King. Malcolm X was a main leader of the movement and he heavily pushed home the ideas of separatism, self-defence and Black Nationalism claiming that blacks would never be treated as equals under the current white system. It could be argued that Black Power did hinder the civil rights movement in the 1960s. It brought about the mass fragmentation of the movement and saw two main civil rights campaigners SNCC and CORE split from the cooperation of the NAACP and SCLC.