Afghanistan Child Mortality Rate

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Background information on Afghanistan: Afghanistan is located in south-central Asia. With a population of about 30 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the entire world. Afghanistan is a part of the Middle East Muslim world. Over 99% of the Afghan population is Muslim. Persian and Pashto are the official languages of Afghanistan, making bilingualism very common. The Human Development Index suggests that Afghanistan is the 15th least developed country in the world. The life expectancy of the country is estimated to be between 48 and 49 years. It has one of the highest total fertility rates in the world with 5.64 children born per woman, making Afghanistan the country with the 9th highest maternal fertility rate in the world. Moreover, Afghanistan has the highest maternal mortality rate in the world as for a 100,000 births it is estimated that 1,400 die. The decades of war have made Afghanistan the world’s most dangerous country. Hence, it includes the largest producer of refugees and place of safety seekers. While the international community is trying to rebuild a torn Afghanistan, terrorist groups such as the Haqqani Network and Hezbi Islami are actively involved in a nationwide Taliban-led revolution, which includes hundreds of assassinations and suicide attacks. Just in 2011 and 2012, the revolution has been responsible for 80% of civilian deaths. Child Mortality Child mortality, also known as under-5 mortality, is the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of that period. The child mortality rate is a leading indicator of the level of child health and overall development in countries. There are many factors, which have significant impact on the child mortality rate. Firstly, the intake of food varies, from a low just over 1,500 calories per

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