Childhood Vaccination In Africa

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Childhood vaccinations are very important to safeguard against diseases. Africa has a child population of about 389 million and made remarkable progress in improving childhood vaccinations. This have been possible since the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated the Expand Program on Immunization. With the goal that every child in the world will be immunized with vaccines for; tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and measles (WHO, 2018). Despite the significant increase of sub-Saharan African childhood vaccinations, two and a half million deaths a year occur primarily in Africa and Asia (WHO, 2008). These deaths are caused by vaccine preventable diseases in children less than five years old (WHO, 2008). Despite the increase…show more content…
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is one of the leading organizations aiding in childhood vaccinations in Africa. They are the world’s largest buyer of vaccines and provides immunizations for 45 % of the world’s children (UNICEF, 2018). UNICEF efforts have protected children in Africa from deadly and preventable diseases through improved routine immunizations programs (UNICEF, 2018). UNICEF (2018) states that children in remote rural regions are not being vaccinated. They are leading in global efforts to immunize the hardest to reach children. Currently UNICEF focus is to continue to expand on immunization coverage in hard to reach areas, engaging communities to explain the importance of child vaccinations and working towards a world without measles, rubella and neonatal tetanus (UNICEF,…show more content…
More than three million children under the age of five died in 2013 from sub-Saharan Africa, because of not receiving the required three doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (Wiysonge, 2015). By 2014, 77% of children in Africa received their childhood vaccinations, this is a significant improvement compared to only 5% in 1980. Despite these achievement, childhood vaccinations are lagging. Wiysonge (2015) states that African dropped the ball, in 2015 the target was to have at least 90% of children across the continent vaccinated with all three doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussi; but only 38% of African countries achieved this target (Wiysonge, 2015). Wiysonge (2015) states that government leaders should be held accountable for countries not meeting the agreed targets. As GVAP is providing African countries with resources to succeed with childhood vaccinations and African leaders need to honor their international commitments (Wiysonge, 2015). Childhood Vaccinations

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