The idea behind this research is to try and point out some of the disparities in sentencing, and possibly offer some potential ways to reduce the problem. “Racial disparity in sentencing, historical representation of current biases, plea bargaining and racial profiling are all factors contributing to the current over-representation of minorities in the judicial system, further threatening the African American community and weakening the family. Aggregate data and statistics compiled supports the assumption that African Americans are disproportionately subjected to conditions such as racial profiling, traffic stops leading to searches and seizures yielding minor offenses that lead to incarceration, rather than probation or rehabilitation. Further, they are given much longer, disparate prison sentencing than white offenders under similar circumstances. These systematic disparate treatments contribute to a dysfunctional community and lead to the socioeconomic destruction of the African American family infrastructure.” (Coulson-Clark, et.
This is “the practice by law enforcement of considering race as an indicator of the likelihood of criminal behavior” (Robinson 530). The issue of using race to identify people is disputable because minorities feel that it is an act of inequality and also humiliating. However, the Supreme Court supports its legality as long as ethnicity is seen as an important factor that determines the detainment of an individual. Therefore, there are many pros and cons about the legality of this law enforcement technique. During times of war, racial
In this research paper I will analyze the break down the officially recognized races in the US, crimes specifically relate to these urban areas that are not present in more rural and suburban areas, finally how are crimes handled both at the judicial and executive levels in poverty-stricken communities as opposed to upper class communities. All communities are affected by crime and the criminal justice system designed to prevent it. However, impoverished urban areas with a large minority population are disproportionally impacted. Why is that? In order to be able to answer this, you must first examine a few additional questions.
In the criminal justice system, legal, and extralegal factors are used to determine the seriousness of a crime, along with a person’s past criminal record. A person’s gender, race, and class are considered extralegal factors. Many African Americans and Hispanics are differentially involved in criminality, which means they commit more crimes, and are targeted more by prosecutors, judges, probation officers, defense attorneys, police officers, parole officers, and parole board members. Many of these individuals are poverty stricken and unemployed, therefore a target for bigotry (Racial Disparities, 2011). Drawing a conclusion regarding what ethic group is targeted the most can be based on causes and correlates of racial disparity.
Challenging Racial Disparities Sara Plautz Cultural Diversity Issues in Criminal Justice CJA 344 July 25, 2011 Christopher Moreno Challenging Racial Disparities The wide-ranging effects of disparity in the criminal justice system are explored heavily. Race differences in criminal issues and racial patterns have been deep important topics open for discussion. The mystery is finding a better resolution for disparity issues in society. There are many challenges that impact the disproportionate rates of colored people in diverse neighborhoods. In our society it is assumed we are all treated equally, but in fact many times this is not true.
* What significant challenges do you think exist with regard to crime reporting? Explain. * How do you think these challenges can be overcome? Explain. Nathan Malbrue Charles Hauber Victimology CJUS280-1403A-01 7/18/2014 PH 2 DB Measuring Crime Victimization This paper will cover sources of reporting crime/arrest data and which I feel is best.
Over the past five centuries, black people have endured violence in many different ways. In history, racist violence, police brutality, has been used to suppress the racial blacks and to preserve power and privileges for the white race. The practice of police brutality has a strong affect on a main segment of the American population. Those affected are minorities and the elderly causing them to have strong hatred towards the whites in America. Police brutality is abuse by law enforcement, where a police officer feels that because he/she has a badge and a gun therefore it puts them above the law and they can use unnecessary force against another individual.
A "profile" is a coherent set of facts - known conditions and observable behavior that indicate a particular individual may be engaged in criminal activity. The technique of "profiling" is a well-known and long-standing law enforcement tactic. In fact racial profiling can make us less safe. Multiple studies have shown that when police focus on factors such as race, they tend to pay less attention to actual criminal behavior. This is a dangerous trend that can inhibit effective law enforcement and ultimately endanger the lives of all persons who depend on law enforcement for protection.
Jehad Saleh September 12, 2012 Prof. Hakim English 102 Racial Bias in the Juvenile Justice System In the Criminal Justice System, people are taken into custody and normally they are of minority background. This is also true for the Juvenile Justice System in the United States. Most juveniles that are in these detention centers come from poverty backgrounds and areas where they seen violence everyday. The reason for this may be caused by the fact that most of these kids don’t have a father figure in their lives to keep them off the streets. Most people though don’t realize this and automatically think because of the color of their skin that they are a lost cost.
Racism can be one of the leading causes for the nullification of a verdict. The same racism exists today driving juries to nullify the law in favor of or against a person charged with a crime. The ethnicity of jurors can influence whether or not nullification takes place. “Jury nullification is often attributed to juries that identify with and share the same characteristics as the defendant, such as the defendant’s racial or ethnic background, socioeconomic status, or value system. The occurrence of this type of nullification has been attributed to a potential response to social conditions, including the perception that the criminal justice system targets minorities,” (Keneally, 2010-2011, p. 945-946).