Question: Do you agree with the view that the NHS was the most important domestic reform passed my Clement Attlee’s Labour government of 1945-50? Use sources 4, 5 and 6 and your own knowledge. During the time Labour were in power, from 1945-50, several vital reforms had been passed by Clement Attlee, Labour’s leader. The reforms were desperately needed due to the consequences of a stricken Britain after the Second World War. Britain urgently needed to be revived both economically and socially, and that is what the people demanded.
In 1945, the British viceroy handed power back to India freely. Mohandas Gandhi fought with nonviolence before the British handed over the power back to India. Gandhi describes the positive motives for a nonviolence approach to Indian independence, “Passive resistance is a method of securing rights by personal suffering…” (Doc 3) India was a huge asset to the British Empire especially during World War II. Gandhi said, “I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire.” (Doc 3) He yelled this statement during the Salt March. Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya and leader for independence, stated, “The land is ours.
Do you agree with the view that the Boer war advanced the cause of social reform in Britain? The important factor of this argument is the impact that the Boer war has on social reform. Therefore there is the Boer war, social reform and how they link together. Within source 6, it shows that the “Recruitment for the Second Boer war drew attention to the problem of poverty” as even though the army was most likely desperate for volunteers “almost half the men who volunteered for the army were physically unfit for military service” this links the Boer war and social reform as the physically unfit soldiers drew the governments attention “to help the poor” which was social reform in itself, otherwise “Britain might be unable to defend her Empire adequately in the event of a major war.”. this statement, albeit made almost a century after the events actually happened – but would’ve most likely done research with hindsight added to it- does coincide with source 5, which was fresh information of the time, namely when the reforms were in action.
Thomas Jefferson and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Two of Americas Greatest Advocates for Liberty and Freedom Thomas Jefferson’s, “Declaration of Independence”, and Dr. Martin Luther King Jrs, “Letter from a Birmingham jail”, are two of the finest documents advocating social reorganization through revolution ever written. The reasons each strove to incite revolution, social and political reorganization were the same, as they always are when the time comes to take drastic measures against the state, equality. The times each lived in, the advisories opposed , and the tactics employed to ferment the social revolutions each were engaged in, are as different as night and day, red, and white wine, and black and white. Despite these differences both authors are writing to their peers to justify their actions, and appeal for support. Both also argue that when the laws of man come into conflict with the laws of God, that civil disobedience is not only justified, but is a moral obligation.
The Welfare State was set up to make sure that UK citizens had an acceptable minimum living standard and were looked after “from the cradle to the grave”. After 1945 the Welfare State was created following the Beveridge Report. The Report identified Five Giant Evils in UK Society - squalor, idleness, disease, ignorance and want. The Labour Party created the Welfare State when in government from 1945-1951. Their traditional policies were based on equality and the need to redistribute wealth and resources within society.
Orwell discusses his feelings about imperialism in a straightforward manner and Dillard uses the chase scene to represent her struggle between her actions and the results of her actions. Although there are similar coming age stories and situations in Shooting an Elephant by Orwell and The Chase by Annie Dillard, there are also distinctions which allow the characters to stand on their own and realize that their views of adulthood and the adult world are much different. These characters do crazy moves to get a certain group or person to finally give them respect. Orwell despises his situation in life, and when he is faced with a moral dilemma, a valuable work animal has to die to save his pride. Dillard This overwhelming illustration of the chase builds up the impact of capture as she breaks the rules and years for self discovery.
Cherry, Robert. “But it work: liberals& welfare reform.” Commonwheel 135.16 (2008): 7+.Gale Opposing Viewpoints In context. Web 1 Oct. 2011. Cherry Roberts expresses that welfare works if you do it the right way, high-employment policies and increases in the minimum wage, government can also provide for working mothers. Cherry states, “As those who leave welfare begin to earn more money, they confront a flaw in the federal tax system—they begin to lose tax benefits, food stamps and other subsidies, leaving meager gains in their disposable income.” (2) Roberts tells the liberals belief’s about welfare.
Krugman insists where there is income inequality there will be social inequality. For instance, how within social differences, desirable school districts are becoming fewer, and fewer meanwhile becoming considerably more expensive to live in, causing children of—low-income parents—to start their education at a disadvantage. Statistically, Krugman points out, “students who scored in the bottom fourth on the exam, but came from families whose status put them in the top fourth (591). Whereas King, a student attending the University of Cincinnati, in his essay The American Dream: Dead, Alive, or on Hold? clearly asks how the "American Dream" is perceived so differently?
Another change was that public education was seen as a necessity in the US. A man named Horace Mann or the "Father of Education" thought that only through education could the US become a more equal place. So Massachusetts began public schools and over the next few years every state offered public education. Then there were women’s rights. One of the most important of all social changes was The Second Great Awakening.
“How far was concern over Booth and Rowntree’s findings the real reason for the Liberal reforms between 1906 and 1914?” By the early twentieth century the Liberal Government was concerned that Britain was losing her status as a major industrial and military power. The reports of Booth and Rowntree found that 1/3 of the British population lived in poverty. It suggested that this was a main factor effecting employment, education, disease, life expectancy and more. This could be argued to be the main reason that evoked a sense of urgency for change from the people and the liberal Government. However, other reasons also played a part.