A Comparison and Contrast with the Age of Enlightenment and the Romantic Era

857 Words4 Pages
This essay is a report about the age of enlightenment and the romantic era and how they compare and contrast. First I would like to talk about the age of enlightenment. What was the age of enlightenment? It was a time in which reason was advocated as the primary source and legitimacy for authority. The enlightenment spiritualized the principle of religious authority. One would say that throughout time that western culture always spiritualized religious authority. What the age of enlightenment did was to humanize the theological systems of the religious authority. It was the Age of Enlightenment that changed the establishment from central control of cultural and intellectual life. You would think that it was the Reformation or the Renaissance that did all of this but it simply is not true. By embracing science from the trammels of theological tradition the Enlightenment rendered possible the autonomous evolution of modern culture. I want to go over some of the key values that the Enlightenment Age gave us. First it believes in capitalism which is an economic system in which wealth, and the means of producing wealth, are privately owned and controlled rather than commonly, publicly, or state-owned and controlled. Second it believes in democracy and individualism which is the moral stance, political philosophy, or social outlook that stresses independence and self-reliance. Third is the belief of religious tolerance that simple states that it permits religious practices of other sects besides the state religion, and does not persecute believers in other faiths. Forth is the belief of secularism and scientism. Secularism is the assertion that governmental practices or institutions should exist separately from religion and/or religious beliefs. Scientism is used to describe the view that natural science has authority over all other interpretations of life. These
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