1b) What Factors Does the Prime Minister Take Into Account When Appointing Cabinet Ministers. (10 Marks.)

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1b) what factors does the prime minister take into account when appointing cabinet ministers. (10 marks.) The cabinet is a committee of the leading members of government which consists of 20-23 members most of which run Whitehall departments and meet at least every Wednesday mornings. Equally cabinet decisions are official government policy and the chair of the cabinet is the PM for example currently it is David Cameron. However with reference to the source it was Gordon Brown. There are many factors the prime minister takes into account when appointing cabinet ministers Firstly he takes into consideration if he/she is a close ally. For example in the cabinet today a close ally/friend of the PM(David Cameron) is George Osborne who is the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Similarly, Gordon Brown appointed Darling and Straw who was close ally’s to him. Furthermore, another factor the prime minister takes into account when appointing cabinet ministers is expertise. Expertise refers to expert skill or knowledge in a particular field for example the earlier Prime minister, Gordon Brown appointed Jacqui Smith, previously the Chef whip, as Home secretary. With reference to the source Jacqui Smith as head of the Home office, will be in charge of the battle against terrorism, security and policing. When appointing cabinet ministers the prime minister might also take into account collective ministerial responsibility which refers to ministers having to support government policy in public and in Parliament. If they don’t they should resign or face the sack. For example with reference to the source appointment of David Milliband as foreign secretary would generate rival into the cabinet. Lastly, when appointing cabinet ministers the PM might take into account if he/she has a range of different view points. Likewise he might take into account if appointing a particular person as
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