Explain Three Ways n Which Parliament Carries Out

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Parliament’s role is not to govern, but to check and constrain the government of the day. This allows parliament to have the ability to call the government into account, forcing ministers to explain and justify their actions. They are able to do this through overseeing and scrutinising policy making and governmental departments. An example where the parliament has done this is when investigating the ‘Expenses Scandal’ 2009. Three ways in which parliament are able to scrutinise government are the following. One way parliament carries out its scrutiny function is through Question time of the Prime-minister, which takes place every Wednesday, around 12pm to 12pm. Here MP’s have the opportunity to ask one notified question to the Prime-minister and one supplementary question. These Question times are dominated between the leader of the opposition asking up to five supplementary questions and the Prime-minister forced to answer them with justification and explanation. However, Question time is extended o other ministers, forcing them to answer oral question from other MP’s. the government department in question changes every four weeks, for example one week it may be education department and the next the welfare department etc. Another way the parliament is able to scrutinise the government is through select committees. A select committee is a committee which is formed to shadow separate government departments and to scrutinise government policy. There are 18 departmental select committees who shadow the work of major government departments, for example the Defence select committee. They carry out enquiries and write reports, and analysing governmental documents, scrutinising them as they do. A third way parliament carries out its scrutiny function is through the opposition, which is made up by the second biggest party in the House of Commons usually, and is

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