Crime and disorder legislation
The crime and disorder act was established in 1998 it focuses on an introduction of anti social behavioural orders, sex offender orders, parenting orders and also racially aggravated offences. Since, it focuses on some very serious areas it means that the local authorities all have to work together to make sure that the strategies are implemented correctly like the police authority, probation authority, health authority and other agencies. The act also gave the local authorities more responsibilities, as the strategies which it introduces have to reflect local needs and priorities. Due to this reason different areas have different focuses, for example, in Manchester their main focus would be robbery as this is the worst place for robbery crimes, in Bradford they would focus on gun crimes and in Nottingham they would focus on murder crimes as they had the highest rate of murder with 5.21 crimes for every 100,000 population. The act is ordered to develop and implement the strategies in three year cycles, such as, 1999-2002, 2002-2005, so the next one will be this year in 2008. This act created 376 local crime and disorder reduction partnerships in England and Wales. The crime and disorder act is what put an end to the presumption that a child under the age of 10 is incapable of committing an offence. Furthermore, it abolished the death penalty, changing it to a maximum sentence of life imprisonment.
I am going to analyse the implications of two pieces of crime and disorder legislation.
The police reform act 2002 is supporting legislation which was brought out to focus on the police force improving the main parts of the act are: to continue the reduction of crime, to tackle persistence offenders more effectively, to improve detection and conviction rates, to tackle anti social behaviour, to reduce the fear of crime, to provide support for victims of crime and to rebuild public confidence in the key aspects of the police.