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Broken Windows Theory Essay

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Below is an essay on "Broken Windows Theory" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

In the last three years, the city has experienced a dramatic increase in violent and property crime rates.   The Police Department would like to employ a broken windows strategy, but city administrators are resistant to this idea.   The police department and the city have hired me as an independent consultant to provide a recommendation for or against the broken windows approach, using the concepts of and empirical evidence from this strategy.   The following is a summary of my research, including my professional opinion on how the city should proceed.
The ‘broken windows’ hypothesis suggests that maintaining order through the management of minor offenses is an essential function of public police (Wilson & Kelling, 1982).   In their article, Wilson and Kelling argue that if minor instances of crime and disorderly behavior are not addressed, more serious forms of disorder and increased levels of crime will follow.   “Disorder and crime are usually inextricably linked, in a kind of developmental sequence,” (Wilson & Kelling, 1982).   This hypothesis was based on the findings from observations of foot patrol officers managing the occurrences of disorder on their beats, and led the authors to suggest that in order to combat crime, police must refocus their efforts on neighborhood disorder.   The concept of ‘broken windows’ is appealing to police departments attempting to reduce crime and restore order in their communities.  
From a police perspective, not only can order maintenance assist in meeting citizen demands for a government response to disorderly conditions, but it can also help in potentially deterring more serious crime from occurring.   Several studies have found an association between order maintenance policing and crime reduction.   Corman and Mocan (2002) determined that minor offense enforcement was linked to the reduction in serious crime in New York City.   They analyzed monthly time-series data for New York City and argued that the dramatic increase in...

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