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Compare and Contrast the Concepts of Agency and Structure, and Using Examples, Show How Each Is Useful for Understanding Work and/or Leisure. Essay

  • Submitted by: jay1066
  • on July 11, 2014
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 2,200 words

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Below is an essay on "Compare and Contrast the Concepts of Agency and Structure, and Using Examples, Show How Each Is Useful for Understanding Work and/or Leisure." from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

JANINE CALKIN

COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE CONCEPTS OF AGENCY AND STRUCTURE, AND USING EXAMPLES, SHOW HOW EACH IS USEFUL FOR UNDERSTANDING WORK AND/OR LEISURE.

Work and leisure are an important part of everyday life and people’s views differ on what constitutes work and leisure and the values associated with them.   The availability of work and leisure is determined by social structures such as technical, social and gender divisions, together with an individual’s ability to exercise their agency.   This essay aims to give an understanding of work and leisure showing differences and similarities between social structure and agency, using theoretical frameworks supported by examples.

Agency is the ability to exercise free choice by planning and organising their own lives and making their own decisions, suggesting that society and social structures exist due to human creativity and autonomy.   Types of agency include Rational Choice Theory where a person acts freely making conscious decisions to enable them to maximise their full potential, and Individualisation Theory where people choose to live away from the norms, traditions and constraints of social structures and their personal individualisation is paramount. Social Structures include work, leisure, family, law, education, health, law, economy, politics, media, culture and religion which are viewed as the building blocks of society, shaping social behaviour in everyday life. These are often seen as dominant social structures that can put constraints on people and can identify patterns between people in terms of age, gender, ethnicity, class and income.   It is important to remember that social structures such as money, time, work, family, class and education will affect an individual’s ability to exercise agency and could constrain their free choice.

Marx argues that society is controlled by the social structure of class measured through wealth, income, education and occupation, causing divisions of labour...

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MLA Citation

"Compare and Contrast the Concepts of Agency and Structure, and Using Examples, Show How Each Is Useful for Understanding Work and/or Leisure.". Anti Essays. 18 Jan. 2018

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APA Citation

Compare and Contrast the Concepts of Agency and Structure, and Using Examples, Show How Each Is Useful for Understanding Work and/or Leisure.. Anti Essays. Retrieved January 18, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Compare-And-Contrast-The-Concepts-Of-638195.html