This study will also try to offer suggestions as to how further studies can be improved and how to solve the problem of juvenile delinquency. It will also present some of the limitations that can be faced when conducting studies on this topic of juvenile delinquency. Definition of terms Juvenile delinquency- this is the broad-based term given to juveniles who commit crimes. Juveniles are defined as individuals who haven’t reached adulthood or the age of majority. (http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-juvenile-delinquency.htm) Delinquency- this is defined as, failure or omission of duty; a fault; a misdeed; an offense; a misdemeanor; a crime.
juveniles act on emotions or wants, without thinking their actions through completely. Oftentimes, juveniles are being influenced by an adult in their life. Courts and judges should look at who made the juvenile the way they are, and the living environment that the juvenile is from. It should not be fair that a 17 year old should be treated differently then an 18 year old, if they are a repeat offender. No matter the crime or the brutality of the crime, they should still know that wont be okay in the real world so why not be made aware from an early
It's also wrong. While young people must be held accountable for serious crimes, the juvenile justice system exists for precisely that purpose. Funneling more youth into the adult system does no good and much harm. Juveniles are not adults, and saying so doesn't make it so. Besides, we don't really mean it: When we try them in criminal court, we do not deem them adults for other purposes, such as voting and drinking.
The youths that are being tried in the adult courts should be offered to better themselves as for they are not fully developed at the ages under eighteen. Punishing a teen by taking away their rights for life is not helping the betterment of society. Another person in prison means more local taxes for another set of clothing, more food, and occasionally, more space to be built. A psychologist could benefit from these children who caused trouble, especially if the trouble was un intentional. Juveniles have greater possibility than adults to make a change in their lives with the right help with counseling and rehabilitation.
Specific deterrence method focuses on the fact that if an individual is punished strongly for one crime, then they will not commit this crime again out of fear of punishment. With this method offenders find themselves going to secure, strict, even unsanitary facilities that drive them away from wanting to commit crimes later. In addition the experiences juveniles are subjected to while incarcerated are supposed to outweigh any benefits delinquent behavior will bring. An example would be having set mandatory sentences for certain crimes, that lets youths know that if they commit the crime then they will be incarcerated. Situational crime prevention stops juveniles by not enforcing strict laws that require harsh punishment, but rather by simply educating society
The juvenile system is the collection of government agencies that function to investigate, supervise, adjudicate, care for, or confine youthful offenders and other children subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court (Schmallegar, 2011). Juvenile offenders can be described as delinquents or status offenders which have some key likenesses and differences. There are many elements that relate with juvenile crime rates. There are many differences and similarities between the juvenile court system and the adult court system. One of the differences is that juveniles do not have the right to a trial by a jury.
The criminal justice system has an obligation to protect children and young people from different causes of crime and assists in their rehabilitation from recidivism. The magistrate also deals the case with the justice model to promote ‘zero tolerance’ to offenders of any age in order to emphasise punishment and deterrence over rehabilitation. Nevertheless, the criminal justice system approach young offenders with the legal principal of ‘doli incapax’ because the juvenile justice system presumes that children are incapable of having a criminal intent thus children under the age of 10 cannot be held legally responsible for their actions and cannot be guilty of an offence. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most recent international law relating to children’s right. Article 41 (3) (a) encourages establishment in all countries’ laws of a minimum age below which
The legal term juvenile delinquent was generated so that young offenders could steer clear of the humiliation of being labeled in officially authorized court documents as criminals. In the United States, all states have separate systems for dealing with juvenile and adult criminals. A juvenile delinquent is a minor that is usually under the age of 18, who have committed an offense in states which have confirmed by law that a minor does not encompass responsibility and therefore may not be punished as an adult. Though, the legislatures of a number of states have decreased the age of unlawful accountability for severe crimes or for persistent habitual offenders to as low
There are three truths that both critics and advocates of juvenile justice have agreed upon. The first, children are fundamentally different from adults due to their lack of cognitive and moral decision making. Second, providing procedural protection and effective intervention has failed. Lastly, the juvenile justice system cannot only rely on its traditional foundation. Eliminating the juvenile court system and taking away diversion, intervention, prevention only induces the possibility of creating career criminals.
Assess the effectiveness of the criminal justice system when dealing with young offenders Young offenders are those offenders that are between the ages of ten to eighteen and are considered to be less responsible for their actions than adults. The criminal justice system tries to provide just penalties for juvenile offenders in NSW through mediation processes and attempts to achieve rehabilitation, and eliminate the chances of recidivism. Juvenile justice is impacted by significant factors such as the age of criminal responsibility, alternatives to court processing and punishment options. Even though juvenile justice is given a lot of significance and there is an existing juvenile justice system within NSW, it is only partially effective in providing just penalties for juvenile offenders. According to the Children (Criminal Proceedings) Act 1987 (NSW), young offenders between 10 and 18 are said to hold criminal responsibility, while those under the age of 10 hold no criminal responsibility.