From the Cradle to the Courthouse In “Should Juvenile Offenders be tried as Adults,” Laurence Steinberg argues that juveniles think, act, and comprehend mentally on different level than adults. In “Adult Crime, Adult Time,” Linda Collier argues that juveniles are treated well by the American judicial system despite the very violent crimes that some of them commit. Some states believe that criminal acts committed by society’s youth should not be the only factor considered when deciding the punishment for the crime. Recent policy changes have shifted the view of many people. The changes in policies are the laws that govern the treatment of juveniles.
The courts put in place to reform the child rather than to serve sentence as justice. Juvenile delinquency is an individual under the age of eighteen and considered a minor that is declared by legal terms to lack the responsibility and cannot be sentenced as an adult. Some examples will be if a child drinks, he or she could be charged, skipping school, practicing sexual activities, or breaking curfew. Status offenders are offenders that are minors that commit a crime that is only written for children. One example is when a child runs away, the child has committed a crime versus an adult running away from home.
Hold minor until parent comes Law enforcement handle minors differently according to age and crime. Crimes committed by youth may not always warrant arrest but notification of parent. Police will notify parent that the youth has participated in a criminal act. The police will release the minor to his parents. C. Refer to juvenile court The police officer may also place the juvenile in custody and refer the case to juvenile court.
Family Dynamics of Delinquency Angela James-Flemister Liberty University Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Abstract 3 Method 4 Results 4 Discussion 4 References 5 Abstract The Juvenile Justice System in the United States is based on the philosophy that the special status of children requires that they be protected and corrected, not necessarily punished. (Inciardi, Criminal Justice, pg 554). Given this special status, juveniles come to the courts as juvenile delinquents who have in some way violated the laws and/or acted out in such a way that is behaviorally unacceptable as a child. The juveniles are introduced to the system by way of parens patriae, parental neglect, abuse and abandonment will be the
| Juvenile Crime Paper | CJS200 Tony Sanders | | | 12/2/2012 | | Juvenile Court is a court that has special jurisdiction over delinquent and dependent children usually up to the age of eighteen (www.merriam-webster.com). Juvenile courts handle civil matters, usually concerning the care of a child or one whose parents cannot provide for them and criminal matters arising from antisocial behavior by the child. The differences between an adult court and juvenile court are that juveniles do not get judged in front of a jury like in criminal courts. Furthermore Juveniles cannot get bail as they can in (www.lawcollective.org). With my own experience in the juvenile court system I got sent to a shelter care in Salisbury
The second point that I am going to talk about is being tried as a juvenile. Being tried as a juvenile is sometimes more effective than if a juvenile is being tried as an adult. According to Jeffrey Fagan, the juvenile court system has the ability to transfer a juvenile delinquent to criminal court, which is also known as adult court. Being tried as a juvenile can result in the delinquent being suspended from school and/or social life, or being sent away in hopes to change the juvenile’s behavior. Fagan quoted, “Treating juveniles as adults is not effective as a means of crime control.” Also, the juvenile court presumes that the reason for some of the crimes committed is because the offenders are immature.
Juvenile Delinquency Jamiela Flournoy CJA/204 November 25, 2013 Chris Cannon Juvenile Delinquency “In its simplest definition, crime is any specific act prohibited by law for which society has provided a formally sanctioned punishment” (Roberts, 2013). Crimes that are considered juvenile are crimes that are also committed by an adult. Crimes such as robbery, murder, rape, larceny, battery, or any other crime that an individual can be tried and convicted for is considered a juvenile crime. They are put into categories of misdemeanors and felonies just as an adult, but dependent upon the age of the child will determine the punishment of the crime. Prior to the development of juvenile courts children were treated and housed with adult offenders.
Juveniles under the legal age of eighteen years old are subjected to special juvenile laws when being accused of or arrested for a crime. A child that is taken into custody for a supposed crime must be taken to a juvenile detention center and may be released to guardians or parents upon a promise to reappear in court and an authorization of release made by a judge. Family plays an important role in the apprehension and sentencing of juveniles, as they are not considered adults. Family involvement can have a colossal impact on how a juvenile absorbs the consequences for his or her
Juvenile Crime Juvenile Crime Though there is but one court system itself, there are significant differences between juvenile court and adult court. The biggest differences are the leniency of the courts and the rights of the suspect. In an adult court, criminals are tried for crimes they commit while juveniles are only tried for acts of delinquency, unless the crime is especially severe, in which case the juvenile may be tried as an adult. Juveniles are also denied the right to a jury at trial. Instead, the judge hears all evidence for the case and then rules whether or not the juvenile is a delinquent.
1). Juveniles are treated differently from adults in the court of law. However, depending on the state and the nature of a case, the juvenile may be charged as an adult in a court of law. It is the duty of law enforcement officers to arrest a juvenile if he or she has committed a