World History Foundations: Unit Two Portfolio Part 2 Essay

274 Words2 Pages
Byzantine and Egypt The Byzantine Empire and Egypt were two very different places to live in the ancient world, with very different cultures and practices. Both of these civilization’s governments were led by religious men, and religion was an important part of everyday life for the people that lived there. However, these place’s religions and the way that they practiced them were very different. People in Egypt were polytheistic, whilst the people of the Byzantine Empire were, being Christians, monotheistic. (The ancient Egyptians believed in a plethora of gods, while the Christians of the Byzantine Empire believed in just one). Both cultures believed in an afterlife, though their theories of what exactly the afterlife will be like and how to get there differ. In ancient Egypt, the priests carefully used mummification to preserve the dead, because they believed that the body must stay intact so the soul can eat, breathe and drink without problem in the afterlife. The Christians of the Byzantine Empire respected their dead as well, for the most part, and made sure to bury them and preform writes. (Assuming that the Christians of the Byzantine Empire honored their dead in the same way back then as they do now), though the main idea behind it isn’t the same. Both of the civilization of Egypt and that of the Byzantine Empire were ruled by a person who had a very important role in the religious affairs of their kingdoms. Though, differences exist in the fact that though while the rulers of the Byzantine Empire were seen as blessed servants of god, the pharaohs of ancient times were worshipped as deities

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