They believed that every human being was composed of physical and spiritual parts or aspects. In addition to the body, each person had a shadow, a personality or soul, a life-force, and a name. They worshiped many gods inside of cult temples that were held by priests. These two cultures religions were very alike, but yet very different. The Egyptian pyramids, One of the great wonders of the world, these architectural wonders is one of the many things the Egyptian's are famous for.
They lived totally different lifestyles than other countries did in their time. They had a different view of life and different beliefs that people today would think is weird. The Igbo have a religion, gender roles, and social structure unique to them. The Igbo religion is similar to Christianity that believes in one Supreme God called Chukwu. Chukwu means “the greater high god.” They believed that Chukwu created other minor gods which they prayed to.
Jason Hibono Johnson AP World History August 31, 2012 Sociality and Religion in Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt In both ancient Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, they constructed monumental buildings for religious purposes, however, there are differences clearly shown in their belief of their kings thought to be divine and their methods of creating and protecting their cities. The influence of the rivers belonging to each civilization played a major role in the development of those religious and social characteristics. In Mesopotamia and Egypt, they built monumental buildings for religious purposes, but their uses were not entirely the same. For example, in Mesopotamia, ziggurats were built in the center of Mesopotamian cities to avoid flooding from the Tigris and the Euphrates. Priests in Mesopotamia used the top levels of the ziggurat to worship and give offerings to the gods.
When comparing Native American, European and West African societies there are many differences. Though there are similar underlining’s between these societies there are also some major differences between them all. Both the Native American and West African have similar religious beliefs. They believed in the presence of multiple gods and that each of them were responsible for different aspect of life and nature. In European religion they believed in Christianity and in only one god who was responsible for everything.
The side panels depict a religious sacrifice and an offering being made to the dead. From this it can be seen that burial (at least for the rich) was accompanied by the sacrifice of animals and the presentation of offerings. [xviii] The pictures of sacrifices made to and for the dead, show that the Minoans did indeed believe in an afterlife and did what they thought was necessary to proved for the departed person’s journey. It must be noted that these are all merely assumptions based off the evidence provided (some of which is very clear and strong), since there is effectively no contemporary textual evidence regarding Minoan religion. Part of this problem lies in the nature of the sources - much of the contents of Linear A tablets remain indecipherable and many of the Minoan frescos are incomplete.
A primary cause of the Crusades was religious differences between the Muslims and the Christians. Christians made pilgrimages to Jerusalem, and when they saw that their Holy Land was owned by Muslims, they felt that they had a religious obligation to take back this land. Muslims felt that the land belonged to them, and that what the Christians were trying to do was unmerited. This is an example of the external pressures both cultures experienced in relation to the ownership of their Holy Land. Christians were promised that if they joined the war, they would be forgiven of sins and guaranteed a place in heaven, which was irresistible to many people.
Yet, Different cultures had different gods. And even in a single culture gods sometimes conflicted with each other. As a result of this conflict, humans questioned the old ways and sought to formulate a new theology. Innovatively, and breaking with tradition, the early Jews were the ones to first develop monotheism. Out of a need for unity and empowerment, they fashioned the idea of a single God, the sole creator of the world, and most importantly, their protector.
There are many reasons for why the Roman Empire has fallen. One of the reasons is due to a new religion that had come about in the Roman Empire; Christianity. The beliefs of Christianity were so different from the Roman beliefs and values that people were being persecuted until Roman Emperor Constantine put a stop to it, and eventually legalized the religion in his empire. It caused many problems due to the drastic differences between Rome’s original religion, Paganism, which believed in many gods, and Christianity, which believed in only one god. Most Romans had considered their emperor to be a god, but the Romans who had converted to Christianity only believed in their own one god, and no longer respected, or even listened to their emperor.
Around 3000 to 1000 BCE, ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt were both river valley areas with developed culture, governmental forms, and technology. While ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt both had political structures in the form of kingships, Mesopotamia’s many independent city-state kingships had much conflict with one another over resources, as opposed to Egypt’s unified smaller units, which formed an undivided local kingship. In terms of cultural practices, both civilizations displayed public, state organized religion. However, Mesopotamians had pessimistic attitudes towards the afterlife, while Egyptians believed that the afterlife would be even greater than life. A cultural difference between the people of ancient Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt was their view of the afterlife.
Both religions are often thought to be henotheistic, meaning they recognize a single deity, and view other Gods and Goddesses as manifestations or aspects of that supreme God. In the Ancient Egyptian religion, this is untrue due to the fact that the pharaoh, who is believed to have been descended from the gods, can choose when to shift the focus of the supreme deity. Because the concerns of the population in both areas were different, gods held contradictory roles due to landscape, social, and climatic variation. Worship in both religions also has similarities, with a temple dedicated to a particular deity, and shrines within that temple dedicated to other gods correlated with the main deity. Both religions believed in the afterlife.