Germany proposed an alliance by saying, "That we shall make war together and together make peace. We shall give general financial support, and it is understood that Mexico is to reconquer the lost terrority in New Mexico, Texas and Arizona..." According to Arthur Zimmerman, their alliance with Mexico would be beneficial to Mexico and themselves. Germany wanted America to stay neutral, but Great Britain interfered.A final reason why the United States changed their position regarding involvement in World War One was President
He goes on to further explain this in his address to the Senate only weeks after the war began (Doc A). Wilson says that he not only plans on keeping the United States a neutral country but he urges the public to remain neutral as well. He says that it is “entirely within our own choice” whether or not America gets involved because they had not been directly affected by the war at that point. Almost a year later however, a German U-Boat had sunk a British vessel, the Lusitania, killing over 100 American civilians (Doc B). In response to the incident Wilson states that the American and German governments must resolve the situation together in order to get a better understanding of what happened and allow the American government to remain neutral.
All of these factors develop a reason why Germany lost the war. Many believe that the obvious reason why Germany lost WWII was because of strategic mistakes, such as fighting on two fronts. Hitler's Nazi Germany had to deal with the Western Allies on the west and the Soviet Union to the east. This could be seen delusional from the start as Germany tried the same thing in WWI and they lost. However, before invading the USSR in 1941, Hitler was convinced Germany can maintain their strength and beat all of its enemies.
This speech was given to the people by Roosevelt to show that he had declared a state of war, due to the actions of the Empire of Japan. He stated “As commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.” (para 10) He gave the speech to show that we the people of the United States had to ban together and overcome this devastation. This is how Roosevelt gave the people the belief that there was value to the declaration of war. In his speech Roosevelt stated “It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago.
The United States reaction to the bombing on Pearl Harbor leads to the fall of the Japan Empire, due to the United States involvement with the Doolittle Raid, Iwo Jima and Okinawa, and the Atomic Bombs. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt told the Joint Chief of Staffs to bomb the Empire of Japan. He wanted the Japan Empire to be bombed as soon as possible to boost patriotism throughout the United States. Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle planned and led the attack. Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle’s plan to attack the Japan Empire was to use B-25 aircrafts to drop on Japan and then to land in China were there would be Chinese Aircrafts to help guide and refuel the B-25s to the Chongqing Chinese military base.
The battle plans of the Germans depended on quickly defeating France and then either defeating Russia, or drawing them into a stalemate. To this end, Wilhelm’s navy was authorized to use unrestricted submarine warfare and the army was authorized to attack civilians as they saw fit, when they met resistance by the French armies. Siege warfare, such as the battle of Verdun, is a clear example of when civilian casualties from artillery fire were, not only unimportant to the invaders, but encouraged to be high. The Austro-Hungarian armies were encouraged to do the same things and acted similarly to the Germans in the Balkans, as did the Ottomans. The second example is the damage
On one side, Hitler needed to gain the approval of the Reichswehr and, on the other; he had to reassert his power by eliminating any threat of opposition from the SA and its leader, Ernst Röhm. Hitler had to concede certain favours to the Reichswehr in order to gain its loyalty, while coercing the SA into approval. On the weekend of the 29th to the 30th of June, Hitler took quick action, sending SS squads throughout Germany to hunt down SA leaders (including Röhm), Communists, Social Democrats, and old enemies. After the events, almost unanimously, the army applauded the Hitler’s actions, even though conservatives and members of the military, such as ex-Chancellor Kurt von Schleicher, were among the victims. The ailing President Hindenburg, Germany's highly revered military hero, thanked Hitler for "nipping treason in the bud".
Was Churchill justified in using the strategic bom • Russia had been pushing for a seconf front in Europe which would involve an amphibious landing. Churchill had had several disasters with amphibious landings (Gallipoli/ Narvick) and knowing it was an area of weakness leant towards the bombing campaign • Churchill understood that an amphbious landing could potentially result in the loss of thousands of British lives (lack of resources and weak army) and using the bombing campaign instead would "deal" with Germany quickly without the loss of as many British lives. • In the context of the time, Btisain has been bombed by Germany and many had suffered. Many people in the general public probably fely Germany deserved to be bombed after the destruction of towns like Conventry and areas of London. • Was a way of loweing morale and hindering German progression in the war, targeting their resources and factories.
Fischer, the provoker of this controversy, expresses this concept of German aggression by stating that since c.1900 Germany planned, and then was able to execute a war, due to their aggressive weltpolitik; based purely on expansionism. However, although many historians have agreed with, or adapted this argument, such as the view it was a ‘calculated risk’, or an ‘escape forward’ in order to relieve Germany from their domestic pressures, many have also criticised the approach. For instance, it is interpreted by some that Germany stumbled into a defensive war in order to protect themselves, and their ally; Austria-Hungary. However, considering these aspects, it could be argued that it is most conceivable that that Germany had planned the war and their aggressive foreign policy aimed to provoke a war in order to help their plans of annexation. Fischer’s argument that the outbreak of the First World War was due to Germany’s aggressive foreign policy, with a harsh focus on annexation, can be regarded as one of much significance.
Later that year in Potsdam, many open disagreements took place because Germany had lost the war so Russia had promised to fulfil, Churchill had lost the 1945 election and Roosevelt died so Truman, who replaced him was angered by the large scale reparations imposed on Germany and the setting up of a communist government in Poland. He did not trust Russia, so kept him in the dark about him having the atomic bomb in 1945 before he dropped it on Japan to get them to surrender. By America using the atomic bomb, Stalin knew that it was possible for it to be used against them. Russia was therefore tricked by America preventing the Red Army from going to Japan. This threatened Russia and warned them that America was wary of them and could act on it.