Women Participated in Various Ways in the Feminism That Emerged in the 1960s. How Can We Explain the Rise of This Movement? What Assumptions and Goals Were Held in Common in This Diverse Movement?
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Women participated in various ways in the feminism that emerged in the 1960s. How can we explain the rise of this movement? What assumptions and goals were held in common in this diverse movement?
During early 1940s WW2 caused working men of U.S. to go to war and leave many job openings for wormen. When women of the society started leaving their houses and contributing to economy many of them became more aware of their work conditions and pay. With more women getting higher education they felt discontent to their domestic and subordinate jobs. Powered by the black freedom struggle and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, this gave a rise to the New Wave of Femminism.
One branch of this movement, National Organization for Women (NOW) was formed by women activists who were frustrated by the turtle speed enforcement of new civil rights laws. A more radical group of femminism was formed when in 1965 New Left activists Mary King and Casey Hayden complained about sex discrimination while working for SNCC. Finding no support for their cause they decided to seperate themselves and formed independed women's liberation movement which believed that the system needed a total transformation in order to provide an equal enviroment for women. NOW instead suggested integration. They are faced with many challenges making their voice heard in mass media. This lead to foundation of Ms: The New Magazine for Women in 1972.
Both of these branches and many other fractions sought to diminish sex discrimination in work, politics and challenge gender roles defined by society stating that women is a fragile, domestic entity who has limited place and say in both public and personal life. They were concerned with welfare rights, violance against women, health and birth
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