‘Hitler was able to establish a dictatorship because he banned other political parties.’ Do you agree? Explain your answer. ‘Hitler was able to establish a
“It wasn’t necessary to hit them with that awful thing” – Dwight Eisenhower Discuss this quote in relation to historian’s views on the United States decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan. On August 6th and August 9th 1945, atomic weapons were used as weapons for the first and only time in human history. President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan has since created some of the most controversial debates in history. Historians have been divided since that day, as to whether or not it was necessary to drop the atomic bombs, and what the real reasons for dropping them were. In fact, the debates behind using the atomic bombs against Japan began even before the decision was made.
Atomic Bomb versus Hydrogen Bomb Throughout history, different countries would fight until they had weapon superiority. Dictators had the finest minds build the best weapons to defeat the enemies. Scientists have found ways to create weapons of mass destruction over the years. For example, the Atomic bomb and the Hydrogen bomb. They are both widely known to be very dangerous but, their process of working are much different from each other.
However, if violence was absolutely necessary, the United States should have continued bombing Japan with conventional bombs and proceeded to invade Japan. The conventional bombing runs were just as deadly as atomic bombs as firebombing of Tokyo decimated the city, killed at least two hundred thousand lives. However, the most important reason why conventional bombing was a better
With the bomb came advances in technology, the possibility to end millions of lives, and the beginnings of the Cold War. Behind Truman were three important factors that influenced his decision: the scientists who created the bomb, the geopolitics and politicians circling the bomb, and the general military outlook involving the bomb. From each of these key perspectives, the decision is shown to be influenced far more by politics and persons than the battle of Okinawa. To evaluate this claim, the scientists and their influence on the decision must first be examined. 1 Scientist Interventions The U.S’s introduction to the atomic bomb was through the renowned physicist Albert Einstein and
In order to end the conflict of the World War II, a weapon that surpassed all other conventional weapons of that time would need to be created. In 1939, rumors of Nazi Germany pursuit to manufacture an atomic bomb and insure their victory in the war terrified the scientist that sought refuge in America. It also heightened the urgency for America to create the atomic bomb first. Albert Einstein was the one of those refugee scientists that was alerted to Germany's intent and wrote letters
However, moving into the 1950’s, when both countries each had enough power to destroy their enemy; for example both countries had developed the hydrogen bomb by the end of 1953. This meant that both countries held immense power and would be able to destroy each other, thus nuclear weaponry became a deterrent, which was known as Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD). MAD meant that if a country were to use nuclear weapons, the opposition would retaliate, thus destroying their enemy and themselves. An example of nuclear weapons being used as a deterrent can be seen in 1953 at the end of the Korean War wherein Eisenhower threatened to drop nuclear bombs in North Korea. This shows how nuclear weapons were used to create peace.
The question still lingers in our mind as to ‘Was America Justified in Dropping the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima?’, as evidence suggests, there is strong belief that the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima was in fact justified. This essay proves the fact that America was justified, after informing you about the main participants in the war, it will go on to state the arguments for and against dropping the bomb, and after that the effects and finally the conclusion. As Germany had surrendered, the war in Europe was now over. The USSR had gained most land in Eastern Europe; all that was left was the problem of Japan. And the clear solution to this problem and to one to end the war was to drop the bomb on Hiroshima.
During this time not only was the Great Depression inspiring widespread fear in the citizens of the United States, but the development and growth in weapons of mass destruction, such as the atomic bomb. On May 1982, Vonnegut stood in front of a large group of people at St. John the Divine and delivered this speech in response. His view on death comes off as very in-sensitive as he makes it clear that he believes it is all the same to him “Scientists, for all their creativity, will never discover a method for making people deader than dead. . .dead is dead” (Vonnegut).
Ironically, the man who took a huge step forward in destruction did not want to be viewed that way. Nobel also created the Nobel Peace Prize which is still awarded to the great peoples of today. Robert Oppenheimer is most famously known as the inventor of the atomic bomb. He was a physicist who was in some ways similar to Nobel. Robert’s atomic bomb is a huge paradox.