This was the largest tax ever and was extremely significant in Wolsey’s financial campaign; Henry would most likely not have raised the funds for the war given his lazy demeanour, leaving the monarchy in a large debt. Wolsey further improved crown finances with the reduction of expenditure. Although Wolsey was not making any significant
Henry had to bring stability back to England. The king needed to win over the nobles if he was to remain secure as king, he needed a positive relationship with them. There were some nobles who did support Henry because of their Lancastrian backgrounds, then there were some that supported him due to them seeing him as mean to social and political advancement, then there were the nobles that opposed him; the Lambert and Warbeck rebellions show this. Getting the nobles to support him was a huge challenge that would take years for the king to accomplish as there were more nobles than the king. Over the course of the fifteenth century the English nobility had grown in power, however Henry VII was quite fortunate that 25% of leading noble lines had died out.
However disagreements over strategy reduced the Committee's effectiveness and Parliament achieved limited military success under its direction. Though the Royalists had far more organization problems, the King only first called the Oxford Parliament in December 1643. Parliament took a decisive step by securing the alliance of the
However, wars generally led to very expensive costs to the country. Henry's father, Henry VII, left the country in quite a stable state economically, but Henry devoted most of England's money into his campaigns to take over France, because he believed had a right to the Throne. To some extent source 4 supports the idea that the foreign policy did fail due to the lack of resources, because it states that “the young warrior family accepted the fact that royal finances could not support a repetition of the campaign of 1513”. This quote implies that the lack of resources seems to be the dominant reason for stopping Henry from invading France and therefore source 4 supports the statement to some extent. In source 4 we also learn that much must have depended on diplomatic relations with Maximilian and Ferdinand, however Henry’s allies proved unfaithful and unreliable.
Previous kings had only used the Chamber erratically in times of war however Edward decided to make it more systematic, which in turn siphoned in much more money. This point does support how Edward was a good king because all sources show that it was his idea, not his exchequer. Edwards new policy showed that he managed the royal finances well because it meant that more revenue was coming in therefore he could run the country, as well as start paying of Henry’s debts. Additionally it meant that he could live of his own because he did not have to ask parliament to raise a tax. I think that this was possibly the most important cause to
Some may say that Henry was largely successful in achieving his aims with his biggest success being the battle of the spurs in 1513. Henry VIII want to be seen as a different king to his father who had a bad reputation for being aware of his money and not engaging in many wars which the nobilities did not like. He started by giving away the crowns land and gave many titles to the nobilities to prove that he would be different to his father. Catherine of Aragon, who had married Henry’s brother Arthur was still kept in England after Arthur had died. Henry had immediately married her after all the delays that his father had caused.
Since the beginning of James I’s reign he has been facing many financial issues were have many possible sources. Although Elizabeth caused many financial problems in England she is not the key reason for James’ bad relationship with parliament. James’ extravagance caused many financial issues within England as it led to a bad economy. If he wasn’t so extravagant then the financial problems left by Elizabeth of £350,000 debt would have been resolved leading to James relationship with parliament flourishing. Elizabeth made up a lot of debt mainly by fighting the war with Spain which didn’t end until 1604 and so James had to spend some of the governmental money on funding this war.
Howard’s leadership was based on ‘strong leadership,’ strong leaders claim that they can create national unity amongst other things. This is how Howard won the 2001 and 2004 elections. In 2007, John Howard lost the election because the voters failed to see him as the best leader. By March 2007, Rudd had the best poll results ever for an Opposition leader. This was because the government had problems with their policies and mandates, also because voters believed that John Howard had been Prime Minister for too long.
Richard’s reign was successful in 1483-1485 as he had a stable reign only calling parliament once, he was able to keep law and order in the south. He also kept control of finances and money quite well and got rid of taxes introduced by Edward IV and rebuilt key historical buildings. However he was unsuccessful due to the fact people and nobles supported Henry Tudor who had the strongest claim since 1470, he neglected people and their personal grievances and instead spent money on an expensive war. This made him unpopular and meant there was a potential for a rebellion. Richard’s reign was successful in some ways as he only called parliament once.
The reform of finance and administration was the most important factor for Pitt’s domination of politics 1783-93 how far do you agree? On one had there is a strong suggestion that Pitts earlier political domination was made entirely by his skill as an administrator and financing his government. But the political situation at the time meant that there were many disadvantages facing him from very early on, hence the nickname the “mince pie” administration. There were many ways in which Pitt conquered over such problems like the Whigs and support within the Commons and the way he improved it, but what is the most important factor in his domination. Pitt from early on was a highly successful at implicating financial and administrative policies