How Successful Was the Reign of Richard Iii 1483-1485?

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Richard’s reign was successful in 1483-1485 as he had a stable reign only calling parliament once, he was able to keep law and order in the south. He also kept control of finances and money quite well and got rid of taxes introduced by Edward IV and rebuilt key historical buildings. However he was unsuccessful due to the fact people and nobles supported Henry Tudor who had the strongest claim since 1470, he neglected people and their personal grievances and instead spent money on an expensive war. This made him unpopular and meant there was a potential for a rebellion. Richard’s reign was successful in some ways as he only called parliament once. In January 1484 Richard called parliament and passed the act of attainder. This meant that Parliament passes judicial a sentence on an accused person as if it were a court of law, it ‘attained’ nobles who rebelled against a monarch. Richard passed this against those who implicated the Buckingham rebellion. After the rebellion 97 people were attained and lost their lands. This shows that Richard’s reign was quite stable as he was self-reliant not having to call parliament a lot of times, furthermore he had managed to throw off a rebellion before it grew even bigger. Also most of those attained were Sothern gentry, while 40 northerners benefitted after gaining the new lands from southerners who lost it. Richards reign was also a success as he managed to keep law and order in the north. He set up an independent royal council and handed it over to his nephew John de la pole. With his Nephew in charge there is potential for stability as its primary responsibilities were land disputes, keeping of the king's peace, and punishing lawbreakers. Keeping the North peaceful and in order. However this also angered the Northern Magnates. Other nobles who wanted to be in charge of the council of the north (Earls of Westmorland and
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