As a result Edward decided to remove the Archbishop of York who had approved the marriage. This results in Warwick changing his alliance to Henry VI. Furthermore Edward IV had believed it was best to marry Elizabeth Woodville, for love rather than political reasons. This many nobles had seen as a mistake because their marriage did not create any alliances for England. Their marriage had also managed to alienate many of the nobles.
Because Catherine was the wife of his brother, and only gave Henry a daughter, this meant she was illegitimate. Also the French questioned Mary’s legitimacy, which meant he could not marry off Mary. This increased Henry’s desire for a legitimate son, but this would need to be from another wife. Since Henry didn’t have a son at this time to carry on the reign of the Tudors, the Royal family would be seen as weak and foolish. As during the Tudor time a queen would be seen as a weak monarch.
Firstly, Catherine of Aragon played a vital role in delaying the annulment from Henry because her links to Charles meant that Charles himself could intervene with the annulment. Also, after the Sacking of Rome in 1527, Pope Clement VII was taken prisoner and was really acting under Charles’ orders. Due to these circumstances, Catherine of Aragon used Charles V to delay the annulment for as long as she could. In Source 1, this is clearly shown in the words, “But that Charles was Catherine’s nephew”. From this I can infer that due to Catherine’s links to Charles, Catherine could use Charles to block or delay the annulment from Henry.
Source 4 states it was Henry’s weak case and argument that caused him to fail to obtain his annulment, ‘Wolsey worried about Henry’s reliance on biblical arguments’. This shows even Wolsey was worried about the strength of Henry’s case; it even states he ‘pleaded with Campeggio for help.’ Henry’s need for his annulment was based on a passage he found in the bible Leviticus it claims ‘If a man shall take his brother’s wife, it is an impurity; he hath uncovered his brother’s nakedness; they shall be childless.’ There were two reasons this argument did not work in Henry’s favour. One was that before Henry married Catherine he received a Papal bull from the Pope himself saying it was ok to marry his brother’s widow. Secondly Rome dissected, and studied this part of the Leviticus to find that you should not marry your brother’s wife while he was still alive. As Arthur was dead, this was not an issue and certainly did not condemn Henry to eternal damnation by going against the will of God.
Do you agree that Wolsey’s foreign policy was defensive? FALL OF WOLSEY Do you agree with the view that the main reason for Wolsey’s fall from power was his failure to secure the annulment of the King’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon? FAILURE TO OBTAIN AN ANNULMENT BY 1529 Do you agree with the view that the main reason for Henry’s failure to obtain the annulment of his marriage in the years 1525-29 was the determined opposition of Catherine of Aragon? Do you agree with the view expressed in source X that the diplomatic situation was the main reason for Henry’s failure to attain an annulment of his marriage to Catherine by 1529? THOMAS MORE Do you accept the view that More was a cruel man with little compassion for others?
Henry VIII, having earned the title “Defender of Faith” for a pinning response to Luther’s attacks on the sacraments, had no interest in religious reform, whereas Martin Luther did. Henry’s motive was that of a personal matter only wanting his way concerning his divorce, while Martin Luther used his personal motive of reforming the church and making it widespread with his beliefs. One of Martin Luther’s
From the very beginning of her reign, Mary was aware of the necessity of producing an heir to ensure the restoration of Catholicism would be continued once she was gone. In order to produce an heir, she would need to find herself a husband. England had a long history of friendly relations with Spain (for example an alliance was forged by Henry VII and continued under Henry VIII), but the Privy Council though it to be unwise for Mary to marry Philip. They believed the marriage would be unpopular with those objecting Catholicism as it was suspected that England could become a pawn in Spanish ambitions to dominate Europe. On the contrary, the marriage would safeguard England as any heir Mary and Philip may have produced would have inherited the Netherlands and England.
source 2 is different to sources 1 and 3 as it backs up the idea that Scotland was a threat to henry’s ambitions. it shows that England was able to deal with this threat effectively in source 1 we learn that henry was unable to raise a head tax in the northern counties in 1513, and that he did not deal with the counties to pay as of fear of rebellion. not only would the failure to raise money jeopardise henry’s aims and ambitions in France, his ability to wage war in France was also threatened by the prospect that James VI might take advantage of the rebellion in the north to invade, therefore henry had to “strive” to keep his subjects loyal, “supisious” says Vergil of James’s intentions. Vergil writes about the instability of henry’s rule in the north and the strength of the Scottish
Other situations or events that led to problems between the years 1625 and 1629 were the impeachment and then assassination of Buckingham, the Petition of right and the insulting appointment of Wentworth up in the North. The fore mentioned were all problems which can be blamed on Charles but aren’t wholly his fault. The York house and what was discussed in it, cause a problem for Charles. First of all Charles didn’t head up the meeting, and he didn’t allow the archbishop to do it. Instead he chose Buckingham for the job.
This created a problem for Henry because during that time having a female line of succession as seen as being weak and having a Queen as head of the state was seen as a recipe for disaster based upon previous events that had happened within England (civil war under Queen Matilda).By marrying Anne Boleyn in 1533 Henry gave himself a chance of gaining a son that he needed in order to secure his dynasty and fulfil one of the roles he was given in being a king which was to enable the success of his lineage once his reign had come to an end. By not having a male heir to the throne it may have made the position of England in terms of what the future held a bleak one, an England without an male heir may make it an easy target in the future for its enemies such as Catholic France, Spain and the Holy Roman Empire because they could portray the issue as one of having a chance to invade successfully amidst a succession crisis. With Henry’s divorce from Catherine Aragon paving the way so that he could marry Anne Boleyn he had to change the shape of religion within England forever, he cut ties with the Catholics church and