Who Was the Greater Ruler: Alexander Ii or Alexander Iii

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Who was the greater ruler: Alexander II or Alexander III In establishing which was the greater ruler out of Alexander II or Alexander III it is first important to consider the aims and successes of each one. Whilst many would say Alexander III’s stablisation of Russia through strict reform was necessary, it can be argued that on the grander scale the modernisation of Russia was a far more important end goal, and one that would solve many of the inherent problems such as famine and low production, unlike Alexander III’s staunch Conservatism. Although Alexander III’s programmes of Russification can be seen as important in creating a sense of national identity, it is nonetheless necessary to remember that this on the whole created more of a sense of disunity, as is the case with many of his anti-modernising reforms. Repressing of the national identities of groups such as the Ukrainians and Poles only strengthened the revolutionary resolve and anti-Russian fervour, and the entire concept seemed only to have the short-term goal in mind. However the major issue with Alexander III lies not with his policies themselves but more with the ideology that lay behind them. Due to an education by the fanatically Orthodox and traditional Pobedonostsev, Alexander was ingrained with a sense of Conservative and Slavophile values, later enacting unnecessary (though symbolic) rules an on his ministers such as the compulsory growing of beards. His guiding principle, “Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationality”, was developed by Sergei Uvarov, an old-school antiquarian who had not previously been a minister since the time of Nicholas I. This certainly showed, and this principle in general can be summed up as merely an unrealistically isolationist, old-fashioned response to the growing modernisation of a post-Napoleonic world, an utter backward u-turn to the positive reform Alexander II was
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