Which came first: slavery or racism?

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Which came first: slavery or racism? The dilemma over whether slavery or racism existed first has placed many historians in heated debates over the years. The theory that “slavery was not born of racism; rather, racism was the consequence of slavery”1 has been challenged by such authors as Winthrop Jordan and Alden Vaughan. Both argue that Africans were objects of prejudice from the start and that their slavery was inevitable. The studying of the relationship between whites and blacks during their exploitation by wealthy planter elites can explain the evolution of racism in American society. The Seventeenth century was an era were race played little significance, were the pursuit of economic wealth by colonial elites was valued above everything else, and a colour blind policy was adopted towards exploitation. The most convenient place to study the evolution of racism is the plantation society in early Virginia. The English presence on American soil was first seen with the Jamestown settlement of 16072. The high hopes of land filled with gold were soon dashed by the confrontation of hostile indigenous Indians and constant experiences of starvation by the settlers. As the colony appeared to be on the verge of collapse, it found its saviour in the labour extensive industry of tobacco cultivation. The fate of the Virginian economy now rested primarily on indentured servants from the British Isles and not African imported slaves. The harsh conditions and strict discipline endured by indentured labourers, and likewise the Indian community, resembled the brutal system that the black slaves would be subjected to at the turn of the century. It became clear that the new world was a profit-seeking enterprise, and there was no moral objection to the exploitation towards your fellow race. The great superpowers throughout history, such as the Greeks and Romans,
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