Then he added new laws to make sure that everyone was protected by the laws. This set of laws was called the Justinian Code. It was so well written that it became the basis of laws for many countries throughout the world. Emperor Justininan's reign affected the world. Justinian had a passion for the arts and for religion.
Charlemagne’s liturgical influence could be found anywhere during the 10th and 11th centuries. Charlemagne’s special brand of liturgy could be found as far as the Crusades where the leading prelates of the army of God were using the same liturgical traditions as the Carolingians. The efficacious nature of these prayers, ceremonies, rituals and sacraments led up to the development of the ritual apparatus of combat. The success of the Crusaders gave birth to a new kind of war, crusades and the liturgical rites that served these warriors so well. This brought attention to the need to study the actions of late antiquity and medieval chaplains.
Within each country the Church was self-governing and independent, but everyone in that country has an overall allegiance to the Patriarch of Constantinople. The Orthodox Church was the main denomination of the Ottoman empire which was located in eastern Europe and Asia Minor. The Largest Christian denomination of the Late Middle Ages was the Roman Catholic Church. As the Mother of Christianity and the main guideline to the later branches of Christianity, the Roman Catholic Church was under a lot of pressure during the late Middle Ages. In some cases the Church didn’t live up to their prestige and was forced to reform, like at the Council of Trent.
This facilitated him to becoming the most superior individual and increased overall royal power by building up political influence in the latter years. In 1534 the act of supremacy was passed declaring Henry VIII Head of the English Church in both temporal and spiritual matters. This was the heart of the Henrician reformation as it signified the break with Rome and necessitated other changes, for example, changes in the role and function of parliament, extension of central government in localities, changes in religious practice, destruction of existing institutions and development of new ones. By 1536 royal supremacy in the Church and state was widely accepted showing an increase in royal power as outside powers, such as the Papacy, no longer had influence within England and was seen as the start to a Tudor revolution in government. Elton – Cromwell architect of tudor revolution in govt 1536 – dissolution of monasteries – transferred property to crown, improved royal finances & gained favour and support by selling off church lands to gentry and nobility.
One cultural continuities in Rome is the use of Greek and Latin as common languages. One cultural change that occurred in Rome is that Christianity was more widespread and common in Rome due to the popularity from many people. This change is shown by the spread of Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic lifestyles throughout the Byzantine and eastern Rome respectively. Constantine legalized the practice of Christianity in the Roman empire. Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire in 380 ce.
Pope John XXIII was born in 1881 and was raised in a small town of northern Italy. His time as Pope revolutionised the Catholic Church and many of his new policies brought Christians around the world together. His ideology intrigued people, but his underlying message was unity and connecting Christians. Pope John XXIII played a significant role in the development of the universal church and was instrumental in bringing change and reform to Christianity. At the time of his induction as Pope, few Christians would have foreseen the dramatic impact that the Italian Cardinal Angelo Roncalli would have upon the contemporary Catholic, and Christian landscape of the world.
Beginning as Islamic warrior bands, they defeated rival bands and conducted a holy war against Christian Byzantines. Based in Bursa, the Ottomans established a system of rule that attracted and included educated urbanites. At the top of the system sat a sultan who oversaw both military and civilian bureaucracies. By the mid-sixteenth century, the Ottomans had expanded into the Balkans as the most powerful force in the Middle East and much of
Feudalism, or a class system that regulates relationships among classes of people, was furthered by the Church and helped mold daily life. Other reasons why the Middle Ages can be labeled as the Age of Faith include the various reform movements initiated and roles the pope played. The era between 500 and 1400 in Western Europe, or the Middle Ages, can be labeled the Age of Faith because of the Church’s influence in unification throughout Western Europe, daily life, and politics. Although the Church didn’t come into its full potential for power until about the eleventh century, the Catholic Church did have a lot of influence in uniting Western Europe. Right after the Roman Empire fell, many Germanic tribes went to war with each other and carved Western Europe into small kingdoms.
Negative: The church ran the religious life of all that followed. The were the absolute ruler of the lives of their followers. If you were a follower of the church then you had to devote your life to your faith. You had to take a vow that you could not get married and that you would stay pure. When you wanted to devote your life to prayer and faith you could no longer have a personal
With them, one could wipe off one's sins. Yet, mere money wasn't enough - the sinner also had to repent his deeds. In the middle Ages, it was typical to divide people into three groups of social station: those who fought (the bellatoeres, the nobility), those who prayed (the orators, the clergy) and those who worked (the laboratories, the peasants). The priests, the monks and the nuns thus had a remarkable task in society; their prayers and Masses were serving God on behalf of the entire society. The position of the church in the middle Ages is reflected by the fact that it was almost alone responsible for education until the late middle Ages.