After 1869 federal government remained an obstacle throughout this time period. The Supreme Court ruling of the US vs Reese case in 1875 supported Kentucky officials who turned away black voters, and so marked the way for further discrimination against black voters. The voting qualifications further restricted African Americans from exercising their political rights and was legalised by the Mississippi vs Williams case. Federal government failed to discourage anti civil rights groups whose main targets were black voters and so greatly inhibited the slow progression of African American civil rights. However, state government was also a major obstacle in achieving the vote for African Americans.
Abraham Lincoln Came into presidency with a lot on his plate, he wanted to reunite the north and the south and to put in place the emancipation proclamation. He knew what was good for the union and had his own opinion on slavery which was against it. Lincoln was fighting for a new birth of freedom not just reuniting the union. The south depended on slaves on the plantation, that’s how they were maintaining since they did not have to pay the slaves. The North with all the industrial business had a total different way of life and can see how they totally disagreed with the way slaves were being used and treated.
Violence played a huge role in the outcome of the Civil War. If abolitionists continued using moral-suasion to fight slavery, the outcome of the war would have been very different. “More than half a century after the violent end of slavery of Haiti they remained committed to the conservative tactic of moral suasion” (36). Eventually “American abolitionists had run out of patience” and realized that moral suasion was delaying abolishment, and other tactics were needed if they wanted to win the war against slavery (39). Like “the electric spark, which fired [Toussaint’s] soul” and inspired many
The cunning actions of the European powers in Africa led to a disdain among the Africans against the Europeans, which set off violent rebellions that eventually helped lead Africa to liberty in the future. In documents 2 and 3 show that the effort among Africans to react with nonviolence. In Document 2, Prempeh’s denial of colony status under British rule goes to great lengths not to offend Her Majesty the Queen of England and insists that the Ashanti kingdom must remain on good diplomatic terms with all “White men,” even as he totally rejects the British offer. The friendly response can be understood as to not offend the British into seizing their kingdom. Menelik II’s letter to European powers (Document 3) clearly indicates his unwillingness to go along with plans to “divide Ethiopia among the distant Powers.” The constant references to Christianity in Ethiopia are no doubt intended to support the idea among Europeans that Ethiopia should be seen more favorably than other African nations, and be free from the Scramble for Africa.
It seems from a broader point of view that the North has gone through so much just for the Southern states of America to exist. It only makes sense that Northern leaders would feel angry and betrayed by hearing that those states that they have worked so hard to establish now want their own sense of independence. At the same time however, the South had more of a need for slaves than the north did. The agricultural part of the South employed slaves to tend the large plantations and perform other duties. Slavery was a natural part of the Southern economy even though very few of the population actually owned slaves.
How important was the issue of slavery in causing the American Civil war? Due to slavery America was divided into two halves, the North and the South, both had very different and in some cases radical views. Firstly the more industrialised North generally was through and through against slavery as many felt it was immoral but also realised that if you paid your workforce you would increase your means of production and efficiency which helped them become more industrialised. However the south was reluctant to give up their slaves and felt that they were doing the slaves a favour in keeping them, housing them and feeding them. They were like children and would not survive by themselves.
However, by the time of their collapse in the 1970’s they had achieved very little for black people. The rejection of non-violence was just one of the ways in which the Black power movement hindered the Civil Rights Movement (CRM) during the ‘60s. Malcolm X believed that self – defence was more powerful weapon and argued that black American’s should gain freedom by ‘all means necessary’. This hindered blacks as it led to more violent attacks on America which gave the police more chance of acting brutally towards them. By accepting violence, the supporters of Black Power also undermined King’s policy of maintaining the moral high ground and lost much of the white sympathy he had worked so hard to gain.
In many Southern States the force and presence of the Klan was enough to dissuade African Americans from joining the campaign - Mississippi, as state with the highest amount of Klan activity also had the lowest amount of registered African American voters, and the lowest amount of NAACP activists. The Klan’s ability to intimidate African Americans could be viewed as a reason in explaining why it took so long for the Bill to be passed. The open racism of the klan was another big issue for the Civil Rights Campaign. The conspicuous nature of their hate made racism more commonplace, and accepted thing that happened. This de facto bigotry made it more difﬁcult for civil rights activist to change the hearts and minds of the activists, and made politicians reticent about their support of the campaign, for fear of losing public support.