What Role Did Religion Play in the Continuation of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms?

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What role did religion play in the continuation of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms? Discuss with reference to any two documents in Chapter 3 of the Anthology? The Wars of the Three Kingdoms continued for quite some time and so we need to consider what factors helped to keep England, Scotland and Ireland from achieving a lasting peace during this period. We know that Charles I’s Arminian views and his attempts to take his church in a different direction, without the support of parliament, helped precipitate civil war; but we need to consider how religion continued to play a part in the continuation of the Wars. The King’s supporters believed that it would be an offence against God to rebel against the King. Charles I’s belief in the divine right of kings meant that many who had opposed his attempts at changing the religious face of the church had felt loathed to take up arms against him as he held his powers from God. During the civil wars freedom of the press was introduced meaning that many religious groups could have their views expressed in print. In Unit 11, Anne Laurence writes about the press increasingly being used in connection with the increase in the divisions among parliamentary supporters and the “steady trickle of defections” from parliament to the king. Many of the defections took place during 1643, the year of parliament’s greatest military failure. In 1643, the Royalists appeared to be in a strong position as a result of the change in events in Ireland with the cessation of arms between the king’s men in Ireland and the Catholic rebels; this left soldiers free to join the royal army back in England and that is why John Pym proposed that parliament seek an alliance with the Scots. The Scots were also looking for a way to protect the religious changes that had come about as a result of the Bishops’ Wars. The alliance between the English
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