The Victorian period, up until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, was therefore a time of religious confusion, but also, as we will see, of great charity, as well as of birth of new beliefs. What role did religion play in the lives of citizens of this period and their society? The Victorian era was marked by the immense influence of the Church of England in religion, of course, but also in politics- being linked to the government meant it had its hand in certain social decisions, such as the oppression of dissenters. This naturally caused friction amongst people of other faith, especially the Catholics who had previously been stripped of many of their civil rights, which were only returned to them in 1827 by Parliament. They had a long wait until 1840 to see the tax-supported status of the Anglican Church be removed, making them equal once again.
Historians have different opinions about the importance of events in Scotland in causing the English Civil War. While some historians state that Scotland was very important others highlight Ireland as a more important external reason for the conflict. Ann Hughes argues that the rebellion brought serious conflict to England, causing a military struggle that could not have been generated by English divisions (1998: p30). Although the Long Parliament was called due to the Scottish Rebellion, it was the sole reason for the civil war. The events in Scotland began with Charles introducing the English bible into Scotland, from there a religious protest developed and ultimately the National Covenant was set up.
One of the long term reasons is religion. Since Henry VIII had been King, the country had been in a long term battle between whether the country should be Catholic or Protestant. Currently, in 1642, the country was Protestant. However, Charles was believed to be a secret Catholic, as he was doing some very Catholic-like things. One of these things was allowing Archbishop Laud’s reforms to the Church.
Suggested Essay Plan • Land and religious issues triggered action in Scotland in 1639. There had been a long building of antagonism. From 1625 onwards, Scots landowners were incensed by the attempts of the English government to use the Act of Revocation to renegotiate the terms of leases on secularised Church lands. Calvinist nobles, already seething at the 1618 ‘Black Articles of Perth’ (which reintroduced the office of Bishop into Scotland), joined a rapidly growing reaction to the 1637 edict to use the Church of England prayerbook. Riots spread.
This meant when he came to power, there wasn’t really that much religious tension. At this point the most dangerous extremist group was the Catholic, they had been because of the Anti-Catholic laws that she had past once the Catholic Plots had started to appear. James was favoured in the eyes of Catholics as he was the son of the Catholic martyr Mary, Queen of Scots. It has been said that before he came to throne, while he was King of Scotland he has promised the Catholics more tolerance. This has been greatly debated and in the end he didn’t become more tolerant towards the Catholics, he started to suppress them.
What role did the New Model Army play in directing the political position of the Parliamentarians during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1642-60)? Discuss with reference to any two documents in Chapter 3 of the Anthology. The English Civil War, in one way or another, was a response to the aftermath of the Reformation which left behind political unrest and separate religious groups with indifferences and nonconformity. The Civil War affected everyone from commoners and the up and coming rising middle classes to the ruling aristocracy and Parliament. Parliament would eventually go on to create the New Model Army in response to events that surrounded Charles I, personal rule and his marriage to a catholic Queen Henrietta Maria, the daughter of Henry IV of France.
The English Civil War [1641-1649] It is difficult to pinpoint one specific cause for the English civil war in 1641.  Beginning with James I there were mounting tensions between the King and his Parliament. But those tensions were only one of many contributing factors. Have you ever noticed how much destruction organized religion has caused in the world? It is as true today as it was three hundred and sixty-seven years ago.
The Parliament that assembled 3 November 1640 was fundamentally hostile to Charles I. Candidates associated with the court had been defeated, and almost everyone elected was aggrieved at some aspect of Charles' policies. Parliament had been assembled only because Charles needed money to pay the Scots army. To ensure that it was not dissolved as soon as the Scots army disbanded, Parliament forced Charles to sign an Act (10 May 1641) agreeing that this Parliament would not be dissolved without its own consent. The threat of the Scottish army was also used to persuade the King to consent to the Triennial Act (15 February 1641).
Russia was a religious orthodox country in the 1900s and the church greatly impacted the beliefs of followers. The church also represented the Tsars views. The Tsars reliance on the church caused a lot more discontentment towards him. As Tsars were seem as ‘God’s representatives’ on Earth, it led to people losing faith in the Tsar as they disagreed with this view. The church had some positive impact on the Tsars reign – it played a great role in the reinforcement of Tsardom by threatening to ‘curse’ the people who didn’t put full belief into the Tsar.
In recent times further back in history to Hinduism or Judaism along with other religious beliefs. During the same time period there have also been a large number of wars and battles between countries. Many argue that politics are the causes of these wars; however others claim that it is religion which is the main reason. Religion has had a large influence on many conflicts in the past. While some argue that religion is the cause of wars, it is inconclusive whether war would or would not exist if there was no such thing as religion.