What Are Stoker’S Gothic Intentions In The Opening Chapter Of Dracula And How Did He Achieve Them?

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Dracula is a story about Romance and Gothic, it was written by Bram Stoker in 1897 when rationalism was a belief. Gothic was popular in the late 18th to 19th century and it creates a sense of excitement and anguish for the reader. It is a tool used by Bram Stoker in Dracula to convey the fears, thoughts and beliefs of the people of the Victorian era, by using elements of darkness, supernatural and mixture of romance, which provokes extreme emotions; especially during the 19th century when science and technology were prominent. The term gothic was originally used to describe both type of Art and Architecture, it’s an idea of feeling small around big sceneries and a feeling of isolation. Gothic novels were given a genre of their own primarily because of their emotional extremes and their dark themes. It was full of remote setting, and it was a reaction to the people who had contemporary thinking at that time. It also mixes with perception of the view of reader, and Stoker creates Jonathan Harker as a rational narrator to make the opening chapter reliable to readers. The first chapter introduces the reader to the setting and the character of Jonathan Harker within the format of the book is composed as a diary and journal entry. The reader knows this because the novel is written in the first person and other characters are introduced from Harker’s perspective. Stoker introduces Jonathan as the protagonist – the only significant character in the first chapter and creates an eerie atmosphere by setting Harker in the frontiers and sending him to foreign places where he has to fight rationality against the feeling of being isolated. It allows Stoker to juxtapose the rational world of English Victorian with the supernatural world of Count Dracula. Stoker shows that Harker is slowly travelling towards the east and uses superlative to describe the
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