"…writing is one of the closet ways to get a detailed look at our dreams…stories, poetry, and songs come from the subconscious…they show the author's inner thoughts and let the reader inside her or his inner soul."
Jonathan Malory, Literature inspired by dreams
Bram Stoker's Dracula, like many literary works are constantly analyzed by their metaphoric content. Although it is true that some literature is metaphorically intentional, there are many instances where a story is simply a story. Dracula can and should be analyzed through the psychobiographical perspective in which the question of what unconscious elements of the text express the fantasies of the author is raised. The so-called metaphoric content is none other than a reflection of the author's inner psyche in which the neurotic author uses literature as a form of sublimation (Freud, 150). As Dr. Mary Klages writes in her essay Psychoanalysis and Sigmund Freud, "…psychoanalysis asks us to pay a lot of attention to LANGUAGE, in puns, slips of the tongue…etc. This suggests how psychoanalysis is directly related to literary criticism since both kinds of analysis focus on close readings of language" (2). Hence, literature is none other than a reflection of the author's dreams (Fish, 2). And dreams, according to Sigmund Freud in The Interpretation of Dreams, are merely a reflection of a person's sub consciousness (9-12). Therefore, Dracula is merely a story that reflects Bram Stoker's subconscious view of his society as well as his internal battle regarding guilt, sex, judgment, perfection, and self-identity.
Bram Stoker was born on November 8, 1847 as the third out of seven children in Dublin, Ireland. As a young child, Stoker was very interested in story telling. In 1863, Stoker attended Trinity College at the University of Dublin. There he was an acclaimed athlete and excelled in mathematics. After he graduated, Stoker served as a civil servant in the Dublin Castle. Later,...