Advantages of Urbanization: Growth in industrial productions: The production in various industrial sectors like cement, iron and steel, textile, fertilizers etc., are helping in the economic growth of the country. Export increase and this forest reserve increases. Growth in trade and commerce: Urbanization helps the nation's business sector. Rural people came to the urban places with their goods. Development in tourism industries: People from foreign countries are attracted to good cities and towns having better transport facilities.
The present world population explosion is accompanied by an urban explosion as more people, in almost every country, flock to the towns (Oyeleye, 2007). To a large degree, cities are formed because they provide cost advantages to producers and consumers, through what are called agglomeration
Because of the creation of more job opportunities, a rise in population occurred. This rise created many problems including air and water pollution, increased crime rates, poverty, deforestation, and the formation of slums. Though urbanization had negative effects, positive outcomes also occurred. It was this large scale migration that forced the government to enact policies to take care of these people. The initiative of the government to take interest of the works, modernization of the infrastructure, opening of schools, providing proper sanitations and bringing about health and water facilities (Urbanization During the Industrial Revolution, 2010).
The recent growth of these newly developed industries has given a new lease of hope to steel developers. This sudden splurge of industrial growth has honed the success of the leading steel companies in India. The market value of steel would always be high even during a global crisisas it is a major component for any mechanical based industry. Even in agro based industries, steel finds its use in many ways. The marketing campaign of steel developers has reached new standards with the advent of global commercialization and this has perked up their market value as well.
Land use model-A land use model is a simplification of an area’s real life distribution of various facilities and it details complex patterns. We can use these patterns to explain the distribution of these facilities and what the land is used for in relation to wealth, history and most importantly, location. Rural-urban migration-This is the most significant fact in the growth of an area in an LEDC (e.g. São Paulo). This is the process in which a larger proportion of people begin to move from rural areas and live in areas of greater urban development.
The urban consolidation of inner city areas in Sydney such as Pyrmont has played a large role in the areas development of culture and future trends including the increase of high-rise residential buildings due to the increased population density. Both urban dynamics urban sprawl and urban consolidation have made a major impact on areas of Sydney’s development, future trends, ecological sustainability and in particular, the growth and population growth of the city. A major factor of urban sprawl of which impacts areas on the fringe of city of Sydney such as Liverpool and Leppington is the increased population and the expansion of the boundaries of the city. As the city expands, more affordable and larger housing become available within the outskirts. This attracts more residents triggering the increase of Sydney’s population.
Q. ‘The decentralisation of retailing and other services has had a major impact on urban areas.’ To what extent do you agree with this statement? City centres and central business districts are usually recognised as being places where businesses, major shopping areas, tourist attractions and major corporate companies are based. They reside in the city centre as it is the place where bodies of people will swarm to, making it successful in earning and boosting the economy. However, when decentralisation occurs, urban centres suffer many negative impacts.
Improving in long distance transportation and in communication are also seen, with the phone network development for example or more recently internet that allows improving in communication and information (it also spread to financial sphere and made of it a more and more important feature our economic time). For instance, the spread of containers facilitate a lot goods’ transportation. Both waves induced immiserization, they enlarged the gap between the extremes. We can
In contrast, the “pull factors”, or factors pulling people to migrate from rural areas to megacities, are “economical opportunities, attractive jobs, better education, and a modern lifestyle” (pg.1 pp2). Combined, these factors result in megacities appearing as a promise land of sorts to people in search of a better lifestyle. However, Kotter’s six characteristics, as listed before, pose a great deal of concern for megacity dwellers and for city maintenance methods. Kotter states in his article,
dentification A pull factor in urbanization is a positive attribute of city life that pulls people away from rural life into urban areas. Urbanization during the 19th and early 20th centuries contributed to the growth of urban centers in the U.S. Miami University in Ohio reported that a similar demographic trend is underway in the less-developed regions of the world. The university projected growth rates of 50 percent or higher by the year 2030 in cities in India, Pakistan and Indonesia. Pull factors fueling urbanization include economic opportunities, government policies and cultural factors associated with urban life. Economic Opportunities The Global Change website at the University of Michigan identifies economic opportunities as one of the biggest pull factors attracting people to cities from rural areas.