Understanding the Context of Supporting Individuals with Learning Disabilities

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Understand the Context of Supporting Individuals with Learning Disabilities 1. Understand the legislation and policies that support the human rights and inclusion of individuals with learning disabilities 1.1 Identifying the polices and the legislation that promote inclusion, the human rights of a person with learning disabilities of their citizenship and equal life chances, (National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990), (Disability Discrimination Act 2005), (Disability Equality Duty 2006). The individuals with learning disabilities should be treated with dignity, respect and have the same rights as everyone else. The approach for individual with learning disability for the 21st century (Department of Health 2001a). 1.2 These legislation are set to protect the vulnerable from abuse, prejudice or any form of harassment and labelling individuals or stereotyping them. This will protect their day to day experiences as individuals with learning disabilities and their families. 2. Understand the nature and characteristics of learning disability. 2.1 The meaning of learning disability means an incomplete or state of arrested development of the mind. A person with learning disability will have significant impairment of intellectual functioning, social and adaptive. Stages of learning disability can range from mild, moderate to severe or Profound. 2.2 Genetic disorder can include chromosomal, birth trauma to the brain and other factors. Dysgraphia, visual processing disorder, dyscalculia, early onset dyslexia social or adaptive dysfunction. 2.3 The social and medical model of responsibility are as follows; the person- centred approach, it is important for the individual with learning disability to feel accepted, it places the individual at the centre of any needs, support, advice, or care community integration inclusivity. 2.4 Among
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