3. Equality and Diversity Policy and procedure. 1.2 This legislation and policies provides a framework to ensure that people with learning disabilities are treated with respect and dignity without violation of their civil and basic human rights. 2.1 The Department of Health, in Valuing People (2001), defines “Learning Disability” as: • Significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information, to learn new skills • Reduced ability to cope independently which starts before adulthood with lasting effects on development. Learning Disabilities can also be defined as a variety of disorders that affect the acquisition, retention, understanding, organization or use of verbal and/or non-verbal information.
unit 4227-071 1.1 explain how current and relevant legislation and policy affects work with children and young people: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 - which ensure that children are safe and looked after, children have the right to be protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect, negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation including sexual abuse by those looking after them. This is used in residential care to ensure that children and young people are safeguarded and are given the right amount of care that they need, ofsted will look at how well children are looked after in any setting where a child is being cared for outside their home setting.if standards are not met then the home will either be shut or given tasks to improve the quality of care that children and young people are recieveing. Children Act 1989 - Parents and professionals must work to ensure the safety of the child. Local Authority has ‘a duty to investigate when there is a reasonable cause to suspect that a child suspect that a child is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm. It is important that care givers follow this as if a child comes to harm or has suffered neglect the caregiver could face legal action.
Unit 4222-245 Understand the context of supporting individuals with learning disabilities (LD 201) Outcome 1 Understand the legislation and policies that support the human rights and inclusion of individuals with learning disabilities 1. identify legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities 2. explain how this legislation and policies influence the day to day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families. Outcome 2 Understand the nature and characteristics of learning disability The learner can: 1. explain what is meant by ‘learning disability’ 2. give examples of causes of learning disabilities 3. describe the medical and social models of disability 4. state the approximate proportion of individuals with a learning disability for whom the cause is ‘not known’ 5. describe the possible impact on a family of having a member with a learning disability. Outcome 3 Understand the historical context of learning disability The learner can: 1. explain the types of services that have been provided for individuals with learning disabilities over time 2. describe how past ways of working may affect present services 3. identify some of the key changes in the following areas of the lives of individuals who have learning disabilities: • where people live • daytime activities • employment • sexual relationships and parenthood • the provision of healthcare. Outcome 4 Understand the basic principles and practice of advocacy, empowerment and active
Stages of learning disability can range from mild, moderate, severe and profound. 2.2 I will give various examples and causes of learning disabilities i.e. unknown factors; environmental; before, during and after birth; chromosomal and genetic factors. Others include being intellectually impaired i.e. dysgraphia; visual processing disorder; dyscalculia; early onset; dyslexia; social or adaptive dysfunction.
4.1. Explain why it is important to have in place structures and routines which match the wishes and needs of the individual. 4.2. Identify formal and informal support networks for an individual with an autistic spectrum condition. 4.3.
This can be mild or severe, one child might just hear sounds like blah blah blah and another may be able to hear all the information but just not make sense of it. * Describe other conditions that may be associated with the autistic spectrum. There are certain conditions that seem to be linked to people on the autistic spectrum. Some of them may not experience any but others may experience one or more, these are; -Anxiety disorders this is the secondly most common diagnosed disorder amongst children with ASD. Symptoms are affected by age, level of cognitive functioning and degree of social impairment.
LD 201 understand the context of supporting individuals with learning disabilities 1. identify legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities One of the main causes of discrimination is the fear and lack of understanding of others because they are different. In order to prevent discrimination it is important to value people and treat them differently in order to meet their different needs. -Human Rights Act 1998 become law in 2000 gives people rights that there were intended to prevent discrimination -Mental Capacity Act 2005 -Care Standard Act 2000 -Disability Discrimination Act 1995-2005 -Equality Act 2010 -National Health service and Community Act 1990 -procedure and policies of any organization -Codes of Practice 2. explain how this legislation and policies influence the day to day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families. Human Rights Act 1998 - improved the standards of care given individuals with learning disability, it gave individual the right of life, right to privacy and the right not to be subject to degradnig or inhuman treatment Equality act 2010 - protects the rights of individuals and promotes equality for all , gives the right for all people to be treated in the same way regardless of race, age, sex or disability Disability Discrimination Act 1995-2005 - made it unlawful for employers to discriminate against people based on a disability, it gave individuals a greater chance to live a full life and achive what they would like to do. It also ensured that provisions for disabled people in employment are met.
Unit 4222-245 Outcome 1. Understand the legislation and policies that support the human rights and inclusion of individuals with learning disabilities 1. Identify legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities * Mental Capacity Act 2005 * Human Rights Act 1998 (became law in 2000) * Care Standards Act 2000 * Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (amended 2005) * Equality Act 2010 * National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 * Organisational and local policies and procedures * Codes of Conducts 2. Explain how these legislation and policies influence the day to day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families Those with learning disabilities have the same fundamental rights as everyone else. However, getting a job, an education, going for a drink or to the cinema etc remains a struggle for them.
333 4.3 Explain the rights that children, young people and their careers have in situations where harm or abuse is suspected or alleged A child has the right to be protected against significant harm (children’s act 1989, every child matters 2004, United Nations Convention on the rights of the child etc). A child/young person has the right not to be subjected to repeated medical examinations or questions following suspected abuse. Children should contribute their own account of their own views, they should be listened to and within certain circumstances these should be applied, but when a child is in significant harm then you would look at the child’s best interest to make them safe. In cases of alleged abuse or harm children and young people have the right to be protected from significant harm under the children’s act 1989, every child matters 2004 and the UNCRC They have the right to be involved in decisions that are being made about them and should be kept fully informed of processes involving them, while also being allowed to express their own views and opinions. A child or young person who is suspected of being abused then the primary concern will to ensure that the child is protected from further abuse and the child’s welfare will be the priority.
Unit 245 Understand the Context of Supporting Individuals with Learning Disabilities. By Islaboo | Studymode.com Unit 245 – Understand the context of supporting individuals with learning disabilities. 1.1a) Human Rights act 1998 b) Equality act 2010 c) Disability discrimination act 1995 d) Mental Capacity act 2005 1.2a) Improved the standards of care given to individuals with a learning disability, it gave individuals the right to life, right to privacy and the right not to be subjected to degrading or inhuman treatment. b) Protects the rights of individuals and promotes equality for all, gives the right for all people to be treated the same regardless of race, age, sex or disability. c) Made it unlawful for employers to discriminate against people based on a disability, it gave individuals a greater chance to live a full life and achieve what they would like to do.