LD 201 understand the context of supporting individuals with learning disabilities 1. identify legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities One of the main causes of discrimination is the fear and lack of understanding of others because they are different. In order to prevent discrimination it is important to value people and treat them differently in order to meet their different needs. -Human Rights Act 1998 become law in 2000 gives people rights that there were intended to prevent discrimination -Mental Capacity Act 2005 -Care Standard Act 2000 -Disability Discrimination Act 1995-2005 -Equality Act 2010 -National Health service and Community Act 1990 -procedure and policies of any organization -Codes of Practice 2. explain how this legislation and policies influence the day to day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families. Human Rights Act 1998 - improved the standards of care given individuals with learning disability, it gave individual the right of life, right to privacy and the right not to be subject to degradnig or inhuman treatment Equality act 2010 - protects the rights of individuals and promotes equality for all , gives the right for all people to be treated in the same way regardless of race, age, sex or disability Disability Discrimination Act 1995-2005 - made it unlawful for employers to discriminate against people based on a disability, it gave individuals a greater chance to live a full life and achive what they would like to do. It also ensured that provisions for disabled people in employment are met.
OUTCOME 1 UNDERSTAND THE LEGISLATION AND POLICIES THAT SUPPORT THE HUMAN RIGHTS AND INCLUSION OF INDIVIDUALS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES. 1.1 IDENTIFY LEGISLATION AND POLICIES THAT ARE DESIGNED TO PROMOTE THE HUMAN RIGHTS, INCLUSION, EQUAL LIFE CHANCES AND CITIZENSHIP OF INDIVIDUALS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES. There are four main acts in this country that cover individuals with disabilities. • Human Rights Act 1998 • Equality Act 2010 • Disability Discrimination Act 2005 • Mental Capacity Act 2005 Plus: • United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 1.2 EXPLAIN HOW THIS LEGISLATION AND POLICIES INFLUENCE THE DAY TO DAY EXPERIENCES OF INDIVIDUALS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES AND THEIR FAMILY • Human Rights Act - the Equality and Human Rights Commission works to make sure that people are treated fairly and equally. They work to stop discrimination against disabled people, men and women and people from different races and cultures.
Unit 4222-245 Understand the context of supporting individuals with learning disabilities (LD 201) Outcome 1 Understand the legislation and policies that support the human rights and inclusion of individuals with learning disabilities 1. identify legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities 2. explain how this legislation and policies influence the day to day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families. Outcome 2 Understand the nature and characteristics of learning disability The learner can: 1. explain what is meant by ‘learning disability’ 2. give examples of causes of learning disabilities 3. describe the medical and social models of disability 4. state the approximate proportion of individuals with a learning disability for whom the cause is ‘not known’ 5. describe the possible impact on a family of having a member with a learning disability. Outcome 3 Understand the historical context of learning disability The learner can: 1. explain the types of services that have been provided for individuals with learning disabilities over time 2. describe how past ways of working may affect present services 3. identify some of the key changes in the following areas of the lives of individuals who have learning disabilities: • where people live • daytime activities • employment • sexual relationships and parenthood • the provision of healthcare. Outcome 4 Understand the basic principles and practice of advocacy, empowerment and active
1.1 Identify the legislation and policies that are designed to promote the following. 1.2 Explain how they influence the day to day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families. Human Rights The Human Rights Act 1998 This act has many rights; amongst them are the right not to be discriminated against. The Mental Capacity Act 2005 This act states that everyone should be treated as able to make their own decisions until it is shown that they are not able to. Disability Discrimination Act 1995 and 2005 The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) aims to protect disabled people from discrimination.
The word health organisation defines learning disabilities as ‘a state of arrested or incomplete development of the mind’. Somebody with a learning disability is also said to have ‘significant impairment of intellectual functioning’ and ‘significant impairment adaptive social functioning’. A learning disability happens when a person’s brain development is affected, either before they are born, during their birth or in early childhood. Several factors can affect brain development, The mother becoming ill during pregnancy Problems during the birth that stop
Disabled people have the same fundamental rights as any other people. A learning disability is a life time impairment and reduces the ability of the individuals to live independently. People with learning disabilities should have a support for their needs and this support is given by family and care workers. The legislation who promotes peoples rights gives protection to people with disabilities not to be discriminated against on the grounds of their disabilities. Our day to day practice and attitude are important in how effective these policies and rights are followed in real life.
Understanding the Context of Supporting Individuals with Learning Disabilities 1.1 Most of the laws which concern people who have a learning disability also apply to other people. The main laws that are likely to make a difference to the lives of people who have learning disabilities are concerned with promoting: ▫️human rights ▫️anti-discriminatory behaviour ▫️equality ▫️inclusion citizenship Legislation aimed at promoting the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities include: ▫️The Human Rights Act 1998 - the act covers: * The right to life * Protection against torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment * Freedom from slavery and forced labour * Liberty and security of a person * A fair and public trial within a reasonable time * No punishment without law * Respect for private and family life, home and correspondence * Freedom of thought, conscience and religion * Freedom of expression * Freedom of assembly and association * The right to marry and found a family * Prohibition of discrimination in enjoyment of convention rights ▫️The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 ▫️The Mental Capacity Act 2005 ▫️The Equality Act 2010 1.2. Policy makers can influence important decisions that affect people's everyday lives. Policies should be based on the social model of disability, aimed at empowering people. People who have learning disability are the experts in their own lives and their views are an essential part of any evidence base.
This has been introduced by the government to improve the lives of people with learning disabilities and their families and carers. This includes the rights to employment, to buy a house, to be treated as people with needs and wants that they should be encouraged to tell others about. Mental Capacity Act and Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (2005). The Mental Capacity Act was introduced as a means of ensuring that everyone should be treated as able to make their own decisions until it is shown that they cannot. A lack of capacity could be because of a severe learning disability, dementia, mental health problems, a brain injury or a stroke.
Procedures and Polices of the organisational kind are; Department of Health 2001a (A new strategy for Learning Disability for the 21st Century i.e. valuing people in, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities. Explain how this legislation and policies influence the day-to-day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families. The influence that legislation and policies have on the day-to-day experiences of an individual with a learning disability and of their families is as follows i.e. covert discrimination; overt discrimination; harassment; rights; labelling; vulnerability; stereotyping; inclusion; prejudice; empowerment; abuse; opportunity and equality Understand the nature and characteristics of learning disability.
2010) Life Span Disorders Life Span Disorders are generally characterized as childhood disorders. The disorders defined in this category represent those discovered during early childhood or that develop throughout the life span. The most recognizable of these disorders are mental retardation, Autism, attention deficit disorder and even learning disorders. Many of these disorders maintain a biological component based on damage or malformation during gestation or delivery complications. Cognitive difficulties arise during the developmental stages as the individual suffering from one or more of these disorders find it difficult to achieve academically or interact socially.