Discovering the triggers for wandering are not always easy, but they can provide insights to dealing with the behavior. • Hoarding – they may hide things, in draws, under matress etc as it makes them feel safe and in control • Repetition - People with dementia will often repeat a word, statement, question or activity over and over. While this type of behavior is usually harmless for the person with dementia, it can be annoying and stressful to caregivers. Sometimes the behavior is triggered by anxiety, boredom, fear or environmental factors. Respond with reassurance and comfort.
* Not using their hands to make gestures as they speak. * Not being able to understand difficult orders. * repetitive behaviour (ie people with autism might repeat certain words or actions over and over, usually in a rigid rule-governed manner). 1.2 Identify problems that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have in social interaction and relationships. Communication difficulties may contribute to autistic adults they become socially anxious or depressed or prone to self-injurious behaviours.
Explain what is meant by the term dysarthria. Dysarthria is a disorder of speech 3. Describe the communication challenges presented to the individual and self by dysphasia and dysarthria. People with dysphasia often have language that is fluent with a normal rhythm and articulation but it is meaningless as they fail to comprehend what they are saying because they have problems word finding. So they can be asking for something but the words mean something else and communication could be difficult when talking to the individual.
3.4 4.1 Individuals living with dementia may experience loss of hearing, which can make things difficult for communication and experience feeling frustrated with others causing misunderstanding of commands. If the level of dementia causes the individual disability then they would need things around the home
* A resident may be suffering from confusion, either temporarily because of an acute medical problem, or as a result of dementia. The elderly often have some degree of sensory impairment and this also has an impact on communication. * A health care worker might be dealing with someone suffering from a mental illness. This may take many forms; perhaps the client is depressed and reluctant to speak, or may be deluded or hallucinating. This makes communication challenging and the care worker needs to learn strategies to improve her sensitivity.
The negative side of sensory loss is that they may find it hard to feed themselves, dressing themselves and that their mobility may deteariate. Also, hobbies and interests can have a negative impact on their lives. Some people may also feel alone and scared due to sensory loss. There is support for the deaf and blind to give them a better outlook on life. 1.4 Steps that can be taken to overcome the negative factors could be that you make sure all areas are clear of obstacles so therefore an individual with eye sight impairment might fall over or fall into.
Outcome 1 - Be able to communicate with individuals with dementia 1.1 Describe how memory impairment can affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language. There are many types of dementia with differing causes. Some cause loss of language early on, such as a stroke in the speech areas. Others may have a gradual decline with the service user having difficulty finding or using appropriate words or being able to put together complete sentences anymore. It’s important you speak clearly and make sentences as simple to understand as possible when giving a service user with dementia instructions.
Working with individuals with Dementia calls for different approaches to communication. As dementia impairs a person’s ability to communicate effectively, it also reduces the ability to decode and understand information. It decreases the persons capacity to plan and problem solve. These language deficits are compounded by other dementia related impairments including decreased attention span and memory loss. The combination of all these attribute to a serious communication loss.
There are a number of factors to consider, such as lack of confidence or drugs and alcohol effect. 3.2 describe ways to reduce barriers to communication Once the barriers has been identified it can be overcome Ways to reduce barriers may include: * Understanding and being aware of an individual’s needs, wishes, beliefs, values and culture * Supporting individuals to communicate their needs * Avoiding using jargon in written documents and when speaking * By speaking slowly and clearly by use simple language * Ensuring communication aids are available and working properly * Showing you are listening and you are interested *
In moderate to severe traumatic brain injury there could be permanent memory loss, trouble with speech and loss of coordination among other visible and invisible symptoms. Since the individual did not have these issues prior to the injury they will most likely have a negative effect at first. Due to the loss of abilities, they may experience mood changes, anger, depression or anxiousness. These internal psychological challenges may also be compounded by the social anxiety they may feel. Unfortunately, the general society is unforgiving toward those with special needs or differences.